I-ACT With Check Yourself

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Seattle Children's Healthcare System

Status

Completed

Conditions

Adolescent Behavior

Treatments

Behavioral: I-ACT with Check Yourself

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02764190
IHS-1402-10592

Details and patient eligibility

About

Adolescents have some of the highest rates of risk behaviors of all age groups and health behaviors developed in adolescence can persist into adulthood. These behaviors carry significant risks for subsequent disease, disability, and healthcare burden. Despite these risks, health risk screening in primary care is infrequently performed and results are rarely followed by targeted intervention. In response to the need for screening-linked interventions, our study team has developed a web-based, electronic Personalized Motivational Feedback tool which we refer to as "Check Yourself." Based on motivational interviewing, a technique to mobilize personal change, Check Yourself is designed to promote healthy choices for the multiple behaviors relevant to adolescents as well as to provide information to providers to promote discussions around health behaviors between providers and adolescents. Building on electronic health interventions, primary care providers can play an essential role in helping adolescents to make healthy behavior choices. Emerging evidence suggests that the consistency of preventive counseling can be increased through provider training and the provision of screening tools; yet, we know very little about the quality of such counseling, and if it impacts outcomes that are important to adolescent patients themselves. This study is a stepped-wedge, controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of an interactive adolescent-centered training for primary care providers (I-ACT) and Check Yourself to usual care. This study will take place in six pediatric practices. The purpose of this study is to determine whether this system of interventions (i.e., I-ACT, Check Yourself, and the summary report) is more effective than usual care in reducing health risk behaviors, improving adolescent motivation for health, and improving quality of care among adolescents receiving primary health care services.

Enrollment

302 patients

Sex

All

Ages

13 to 18 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Eligible adolescent participants will be 13-18 years of age and caregiver participants will be 18 years of age or older and able to understand English. Eligible participants will have an appointment (or have a child with an appointment) with a participating medical practice.

Exclusion criteria

  • Adolescents will be excluded from the study if they do not meet age requirements, do not have an appointment with a participating provider at a PSPRN clinic, lack the means to complete follow-up interviews (i.e., have neither telephone nor internet access), have a sibling who has been/is being enrolled in the study or have previously participated in our previous trial comparing Check Yourself to usual care, and/or are not able to understand English.
  • Caregivers will be excluded from the study if they do not speak English; or if their child is not eligible or declines to participate in the study .

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

302 participants in 2 patient groups

I-ACT with Check Yourself
Experimental group
Description:
Adolescents complete Check Yourself which delivers personalized, motivational feedback on their health behaviors prior to their primary care appointment. Check Yourself includes the provision of age normative feedback, goal setting strategies, and strategies to highlight discrepancies. Primary care providers will receive I-ACT and the Check Yourself summary report of health risk behaviors before an adolescent patient's appointment. I-ACT will provide training in adolescent-preferred communication methods and use of Check Yourself as a framework for the provider to use motivational interviewing to consider the patients' change readiness and their personal health goals. I-ACT includes online interactive, case-based learning, with booster sessions and feedback reports to reinforce new skills.
Treatment:
Behavioral: I-ACT with Check Yourself
Usual care
No Intervention group
Description:
In the usual care group, adolescents are asked to complete health risk screening on a computer. No personalized feedback is provided to adolescents and primary care providers do not receive I-ACT or the Check Yourself summary report of the adolescent's health risk behaviors.

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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