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iCBT for Long-term Conditions in IAPT

D

Derek Richards

Status

Terminated

Conditions

CHD - Coronary Heart Disease
Diabetes
Chronic Pain
Depression
COPD
Anxiety

Treatments

Behavioral: Space in Diabetes
Behavioral: Space in Chronic Pain
Behavioral: Space in COPD

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03068286
IAPTLTC

Details and patient eligibility

About

SilverCloud provides internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety in NHS Mental Health Services. The interventions have proved successful in the management of depression and anxiety for clients presenting to mental health services, with recovery rates exceeding the national standard. Recently SilverCloud has embarked on tailoring the interventions for patients with long-term conditions including COPD, pain and diabetes. The purpose of the customisation is to make the interventions more meaningful and relevant to patients with LTCs, but all the while having the same goal of addressing depression and anxiety disorders. In doing so it would be expected that individuals might be in a better position to effectively self-manage their LTC. The current study, therefore, seeks to assess the possible effectiveness of implementing customised internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety for people with long-term conditions presenting to NHS mental health services.

Full description

iCBT is the delivery of a tailored structured cognitive and behaviour therapy based programme, with support, to individuals with mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety. There is now a substantial body of research evidence that supports the efficacy and effectiveness of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for depression and anxiety (Richards & Richardson, 2012; Andersson and Cuijpers, 2009). Historically, a number of iCBT interventions have been used in clinical practice in IAPT services. However, they have often suffered from poor engagement and consequently poor clinical outcomes. More recent developments in the field have produced more robust technological platforms, where content is delivered through a variety of media that enhance productivity, increase engagement and produce better clinical outcomes. The SilverCloud intervention has been demonstrated to be a clinical effective evidence-based cognitive behavioural treatment option (Richards et al., 2015).

Chronic illnesses can have profound effects on well-being, functional capacity and quality of life. Psychological comorbidities with an LTC can further contribute to the distress that is caused by these symptoms. Patients with comorbid depression and anxiety disorders and a long-term condition are associated with significantly higher health care utilisation, poorer outcomes from treatment and increased costs of care (Moussavi et al., 2007; Naylor et al., 2012). The IAPT programme in the UK provides effective treatments for depression and anxiety but these have been underutilized by people with LTCs and partially this is due to an underrecognition; one reason for this has been the traditional precedence set on managing the physical aspects of any LTC and effectively paying little attention to psychological comorbidity (Coventry et al., 2011).

Several pathfinders sites are currently involved in providing psychological treatment for long-term conditions, but to date, results have been limited due to several factors, such as delays in commencing programmes and funding issues. To this extent, SilverCloud wishes to implement their tailored "Space from…" series of programmes for long-term conditions - chronic pain, COPD and Diabetes. The purpose of the tailoring is to make the interventions more meaningful and relevant to patients with LTCs, but all the while having the same goal of addressing depression and anxiety disorders. In doing so it would be expected that individuals might be in a better position to effectively self-manage their LTC. The current study, therefore, seeks to assess the clinical feasibility of implementing customised internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety for people with LTCS presenting to IAPT services.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

25 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 18 years of age
  • English language speakers
  • Have capacity to consent
  • Has a chronic condition (Diabetes, COPD, Chronic Pain) with comorbid depression and/or anxiety.
  • Suitable for step 2 intervention in NHS IAPT Services.

Exclusion criteria

  • Exceed cut-off score for risk in terms of self-harm on the screening questionnaires.
  • Receiving an intervention (therapeutic or biological) that is not a part of treatment as usual, or another trial.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

20 participants in 3 patient groups

Space in Diabetes
Experimental group
Description:
The SilverCloud interventions comprise of 8 modules of evidence-based CBT which have been tailored. Psychoeducational content in the diabetes programme focusses on the impact that mood can have on self-management and self-care when living with diabetes.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Space in Diabetes
Space in COPD
Experimental group
Description:
The SilverCloud interventions comprise of 8 modules of evidence-based CBT which have been tailored. Additional content on panic has been included in the COPD programme. Symptoms of COPD and anxiety can be closely linked, and this content provides CBT-based strategies for dealing with symptoms of panic and anxiety.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Space in COPD
Space in Chronic Pain
Experimental group
Description:
The SilverCloud interventions comprise of 8 modules of evidence-based CBT which have been tailored. A module on health anxiety, titled "Anxiety and your Health", has been added to the chronic pain programme. This module provides psychoeducational content on health anxiety, the unhelpful behaviours that accompany it and how these can negatively impact on the experience of pain.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Space in Chronic Pain

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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