IMPACT-CABG Trial: IMPlantation of Autologous CD133+ sTem Cells in Patients Undergoing CABG

C

Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Myocardial Infarct
Heart Failure

Treatments

Procedure: Injection of stem cells at time of coronary artery bypass grafting

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT01033617
HD08.147

Details and patient eligibility

About

Following myocardial infarct, cellular therapy is a potential approach to repopulate the injured myocardium, to treat heart failure and restore cardiac function. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, feasibility and efficacy of intramyocardial delivery of selected autologous CD133+ bone marrow stem cells at time of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Full description

CD133+ are well-characterized distinct early progenitor group of stem cells that possess high engraftment, pluripotent and angiogenic capacity and proved to be valuable for cardiac repair by promoting neovascularization, inhibition of apoptosis and cardiomyogenesis. Our proposed research protocol involves patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). In this phase II clinical trial, prospective, randomized, 2 arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we will assess the safety, feasibility and functional effect of intra-myocardial injection of highly selected autologous CD133+ bone marrow stem cells to placebo.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age ≥18 years, and ≤75 years.
  • Patients with severe chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy manifested by Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) class II or greater angina, and/or New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II or greater, AND who have undergone diagnostic coronary angiography demonstrating ≥70% diameter narrowing of at least 2 major coronary arteries or branches or ≥50% diameter narrowing of the left main coronary artery.
  • A significant left ventricular systolic dysfunction evaluated by echocardiography or LV angiography (LV ejection fraction ≤45% but ≥25%) due to prior myocardial infarction. This area of left ventricular dysfunction should be akinetic or severely hypokinetic, not dyskinetic or aneurismal, when assessed by echocardiography or LV angiogram. This territory should be irrigated by one or a branch of the three major vascular territories (i.e. right coronary artery, left circumflex, or left anterior descending artery distribution) that will be bypassed during the surgical procedure.
  • No contraindications or exclusions (see below).
  • Willingness to participate and ability to provide informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • Contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging including presence of an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) or permanent pacemaker (PPM), or cases in which it is anticipated that an ICD or PPM will be implanted prior to the 6 month follow-up (thus precluding performance of follow-up MR scans), claustrophobia.
  • Lack of ischemic symptoms (angina) prior to referral for CABG (i.e., patients with only 'silent' ischemia will be excluded).
  • Need for urgent or emergent revascularization.
  • Need for concomitant surgical procedure at the time of CABG (e.g. valve repair or replacement, aneurysm resection, etc.).
  • Hemodynamically unstable patients, as defined by heart rate ≤40/min or ≥100/min, and/or systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg or ≥200 mmHg, and/or ongoing need for intravenous inotropic or vasopressor medications.
  • Patients with confirmed myocardial infarction within 14 days, and/or rising cardiac biomarker proteins (i.e. troponin), and/or worsening ECG changes.
  • Prior CABG surgery.
  • Stroke within 3 months prior to planned CABG.
  • Immunosuppressive medication (e.g. prednisone, cyclophosphamide, etanercept, etc.)
  • Severe chronic renal insufficiency (serum creatinine ≥ 200 mmol/dl or need for dialysis), liver disease, (diagnosis of cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, or elevation of serum transaminases ≥3 times the upper limit of normal), cerebrovascular disease requiring concomitant carotid endarterectomy, peripheral arterial disease (claudication as the primary factor limiting activity), active non-dermatological malignancy requiring on-going treatment, or any other condition that would place the patient at increased risk for complications in the judgment of the attending cardiologist or cardiac surgeon
  • Contra-indication for bone marrow aspiration (Thrombocytopenia <50.000 mm3, INR >2.0, use of antiplatelet agents other than aspirin).
  • Hemoglobin less than 10g/dL, white blood cell count less than 4,000/mm3, absolute neutrophil count less than 1500/mm3
  • Active infection, with a temperature greater than 37.5°C within 48 hrs prior to surgery and an unexplained white blood cell count in excess of 10,000/mm3
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  • Significant cognitive impairment
  • Any condition associated with a life expectancy of less than 6 months
  • Patients known allergic reaction or contraindication to any of the component of the CD133+ enriched cells
  • Participation in other studies
  • History of severe ventricular tachy-arrythmias
  • Positive laboratory test results for syphilis, HIV, HBC, HCV, HTLV1 and HTLV2
  • Pregnant woman
  • Inability or unwillingness to provide written informed consent

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

20 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Saline solution with autologous plasma.
Treatment:
Procedure: Injection of stem cells at time of coronary artery bypass grafting
CD133+ stem cells
Experimental group
Description:
Autologous CD133+ intramyocardial injection at time of coronary artery bypass grafting.
Treatment:
Procedure: Injection of stem cells at time of coronary artery bypass grafting

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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