Impact of Respiratory Pathogens in Infants

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University of Rochester

Status

Completed

Conditions

Respiratory Tract Infection

Treatments

Device: Respiratory Inductive Plethysmography

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01789268
272201200005C-P00025-9999-5 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
12-0012

Details and patient eligibility

About

This clinical study will investigate the relationships between sequential respiratory viral infections, patterns of intestinal and respiratory bacterial colonization, and adaptive cellular immune phenotypes which are associated with increased susceptibility to respiratory infections and long term respiratory morbidity in preterm and full term infants. This is a prospective, cohort study, enrolling at a single center via two sites (URMC and URMC-affiliated Highland Hospital and Rochester General Hospital). Enrollment will be accomplished in approximately 15 - 36 months. The study will enroll 280 subjects, 150 pre-term and 130 full-term.

Full description

This clinical study will investigate the relationships between sequential respiratory viral infections, patterns of intestinal and respiratory bacterial colonization, and adaptive cellular immune phenotypes which are associated with increased susceptibility to respiratory infections and long term respiratory morbidity in preterm and full term infants. This is a prospective, cohort study, enrolling at a single center via two sites (URMC and URMC-affiliated Highland Hospital and Rochester General Hospital). Enrollment will be accomplished in approximately 15 - 36 months. The study will enroll 280 subjects, 150 pre-term and 130 full-term. This protocol does not study an agent or intervention. However, the bronchodilator, albuterol, a beta 2 agonist, will be administered as part of the Respiratory Inductive Plethysmography (RIP) pulmonary function assessments. All infants will remain in the study up to 3 years plus 17 weeks, depending on gestational age at birth. The full-term infants are expected to be typically developing newborns and generally healthy. Enrolled newborns will have a sample of cord blood (CB) for evaluation of lymphocyte phenotype and baseline neutralizing antibody titers. Maternal saliva samples will be collected to test exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. A nose, throat and rectal swab will be obtained for the assessment of the respiratory and gut microbiome and testing for known respiratory pathogens and pathogen discovery. Prior to hospital discharge, infants will have an evaluation of lymphocyte phenotype and function, and will undergo a respiratory assessment via RIP prior to and after a bronchodilator. Co-morbidities, familial and environmental risk factors for atopy, asthma and respiratory symptoms will be assessed. Following hospital discharge, all babies (full-term and former preterm infants) will be followed longitudinally through 3 years CGA as outpatients. During the first year of follow-up, all infants will have rectal and nose, throat swabs obtained monthly. Screening for symptomatic respiratory dysfunction and illnesses will also occur during the time of follow-up as per schedule.

Enrollment

267 patients

Sex

All

Ages

Under 3 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Preterm Cohort: - Signed Informed Consent from parent(s) or legal guardian(s) - Preterm infants born at gestational age 23 0/7 to 35 6/7 weeks - Preterm infants admitted to the URMC NICU or Normal Newborn Nursery - Infants less than or equal to 7 days old - Attending physician agreement Inclusion Criteria for Full Term Cohort: - Healthy term infants 37 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks gestation - Recruited prior to delivery, or from the birthing centers and labor and delivery floor at URMC and Highland Hospital - Infants less than or equal to 7 days old - Signed Informed Consent from parent(s) or legal guardian(s)

Exclusion criteria

  • Considered to be non-viable (decision made by clinical care team to not provide life-saving therapies) - Known congenital heart disease, not including patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), hemodynamically insignificant ventricular septal defect (VSD) or atrial septal defect (ASD) - Known structural abnormalities of the upper airway, lungs, or chest wall - Known other congenital malformations or syndromes that adversely affect life expectancy or cardiopulmonary development (i.e., neuromuscular disease, trisomy 21) - Known to be born to women who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (HIV testing is not required prior to study entry but is available for most mothers-to-be and is performed on all newborns in NY state) - Known congenital or acquired immune deficiency - Family is unlikely to be available for long-term follow-up as determined by the site investigators - No legal guardian who speaks and reads English - Specifically for the term Infants, as healthy infants, they will not have been admitted to the URMC NICU prior to consent. - Any infant with a diagnosis of hypertension, hyperthyroidism, seizures, arrhythmias, or sensitivity to sympathomimetic amines will be excluded from the BDR assessment. - Any infant with hypersensitivity to any of components of albuterol sulfate will be excluded from the BDR assessment. An infant or child with such history may remain eligible for the remainder of the study if they qualify by other inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Trial design

267 participants in 2 patient groups

Full-Term Healthy Infants (> /=37 weeks gestational age)
Description:
130 male and female term infants born at a gestational age of 37 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks (Healthy comparator) will be observed for sequential respiratory viral infections, patterns of intestinal and respiratory bacterial colonization, and adaptive cellular immune phenotypes which are associated with increased susceptibility to respiratory infections and long term respiratory morbidity
Treatment:
Device: Respiratory Inductive Plethysmography
Preterm Infants (<36 weeks gestational age)
Description:
150 male and female preterm infants born at gestational age 23 0/7 to 35 6/7 weeks will be observed for sequential respiratory viral infections, patterns of intestinal and respiratory bacterial colonization, and adaptive cellular immune phenotypes which are associated with increased susceptibility to respiratory infections and long term respiratory morbidity
Treatment:
Device: Respiratory Inductive Plethysmography

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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