Impact of Video Presentations on Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Mental Illness

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George Washington University (GW)






Other: mhGAP didactic video
Other: Service user testimonial videos

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This is a randomized controlled trial examining the impact of videos on medical students' implicit and explicit attitudes and knowledge related to mental illness in Nepal. Medical students are randomized to one of three conditions: (a) no video, (b) a didactic video based on the mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) modules for depression and psychosis; and (c) videos with personal testimonials from mental health service users with depression and psychosis.

Full description

Stigma towards mental health patients exists within health systems worldwide, affecting high- and low-income countries alike. Stigmatizing beliefs held by health professionals toward mental illness can have detrimental health impacts on the patients. These stigmatizing beliefs against mental health patients within the health system have been noted across South Asia, including Nepal. Two sources of stigmatizing beliefs towards mental illness are explicit (conscious) and implicit (unconscious) attitudes held by health professionals. There is a dearth of research that investigates both explicit and implicit attitudes of health professionals towards mental health in South Asia though. One method to reduce stigma is through contact with people who suffer from mental illness. However, there is a gap in the literature on low- and middle-income countries integrating contact with mental health service users in health provider trainings. Forthcoming research in Nepal is exploring the causal impact of service user involved mental health trainings of health professionals on explicit and implicit attitudes as well as clinical care, but this research has yet to investigate the effects of service user training on health professional students (in progress). Research efforts on mental health trainings should be expanded to student populations to reduce negative attitudes before providers enter the workforce. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether information-based training with or without service user testimony is more effective at reducing implicit and explicit biases toward mental health patients and increasing clinical care in Nepali health professional students. The findings from this study will fill the gap in research that evaluates intervention efficacy of reducing stigma towards mental health patients in Nepali student health education. By implementing mental health trainings, the long-term goals of this intervention are to reduce stigma held by health professionals against mental health patients and improve clinical care in Nepal by reducing negative implicit and explicit attitudes.


300 patients




18+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Medical students in universities in Nepal

Exclusion criteria

Medical students are excluded if they have already completed their psychiatric clinical rotation

Trial design

300 participants in 3 patient groups

Service user testimonial videos
Experimental group
Videos with service user testimonials about depression and psychosis
Other: Service user testimonial videos
mhGAP didactic video
Active Comparator group
The intervention in the active comparator arm includes two didactic videos with instruction about depression and psychosis based on the World Health Organization mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) modules for those conditions
Other: mhGAP didactic video
No video
No Intervention group
Participants do not observe any videos prior to the assessment

Trial contacts and locations



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