Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Vietnamese Infertile PCOS Women


Mỹ Đức Hospital






Diagnostic Test: Oral glucose tolerance test

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and reproductive disorder in which insulin resistance (IR) is proposed as a key pathophysiological feature of the disease's symptoms and consequences. Diabetes and rediabetes, a significant consequence of IR, are related to a higher risk of diabetes mellitus, future cardiovascular events, and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Full description

All Vietnamese infertile women with PCOS, according to the Rotterdam criteria present at IVFMD, will be enrolled in the study. Phenotypes of PCOS are classified into A, B, C, and D due to hyperandrogenism (HA), ovulatory dysfunction (OD), and polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) A: HA + OD + PCOM B: HA + OD C: HA + PCOM D: OD + PCOM All patients enrolled in this study will have: Standard anthropometric data will be done by professional and experienced physicians according to standard study protocol: Weight, height, waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and BMI calculated, followed by World Health Organization guidelines for Asian women. Trained midwives evaluated hirsutism and acanthosis nigricans, and fat mass was measured in the abdomen area using specific calipers (Accu-Measure®). Gynecologic ultrasound scan Blood tests: A fasting blood sample was obtained. Luteinizing hormone (LH) (with a coefficient of variation [CV] 2.3%), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (CV 3.5%), estradiol (CV 2.7%), progesterone (CV: 6.2%), prolactin (CV: 5.2%), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) (CV 5.6%), total testosterone (CV 8.4%) were measured by Elesys technique, Cobas e411 system. FAI was calculated using the formula: FAI = serum testosterone in nmol/L/serum SHBG in nmol/L × 100. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (CV 6.0%), free thyroxin (fT4) (CV 5.05%) were measured by Access 2 immunoassay system. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (CV 2.4%), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (CV 2.0%), and triglyceride (CV 1.76%) were measured by Beckman Coulter AU480 system. Fasting serum insulin (CV 2.8%) was measured by Elesys technique, Cobas e411 system. The Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance Index (HOMA-IR) was used to estimate insulin sensitivity. HOMA-IR was calculated as FPG in mmol/L × fasting insulin in mIU/mL/22.5 (Matthews et al., 1985). A 2 mL blood sample was withdrawn and stored in a vacutainer with nature oxalate and EDTA additive. - Glucose tests: + After a fast of ≥4 hours, FPG (CV 0.9%) was measured by Beckman Coulter AU480 analyzer, and HbA1c (CV 1.00%) were measured by Tosoh HLC-723GX analyzer; participants who had not fasted for ≥4 hours were asked to return for measurement of FPG the next day. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus will be made when fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL (7 nmol/L) or HbA1C ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol) (American Diabetes Association, 2018). When glucose ≥126 mg/dL (7 nmol/L) or HbA1C ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol) (American Diabetes Association, 2018). Oral glucose tolerance test with 75 g glucose (75 g OGTT) will be performed on those with normal fasting glucose and HbA1C levels. Women will be recommended to have a normal diet for three days and overnight fasting for at least 8 hours. The blood withdrawal will be performed twice: (i) fasting and (2i) 2 hours after solution administration. The volume of blood for each test is 2 ml. Impaired glucose tolerance will be diagnosed when two-hour glucose levels of 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/l) (American Diabetes Association, 2018). - Hyperandrogenism: Clinical hyperandrogenism: Hirsutism using the modified Ferriman Gallwey score (mFG) and severe acne Biochemical hyperandrogenism: free testosterone (normal range below 2,53nmol/ml), free testosterone index, SHBG


1,208 patients




18 to 40 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Vietnamese women with polycystic ovarian syndrome diagnosed followed by Rotterdam criteria (2003) having indications for infertility treatments

Exclusion criteria

Endocrinal abnormalities including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) >5mIU/mL, serum prolactin (PRL) >30ng/mL and any other concomitant endocrinopathy such as a history of hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, premature ovarian insufficiency and late-onset or non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia will be excluded.

Trial design

1,208 participants in 1 patient group

Infertile PCOS women
All Vietnamese, infertile women, diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria (2003) at IVFMD Tan Binh and IVFMD Phu Nhuan will be enrolled to the study.
Diagnostic Test: Oral glucose tolerance test

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