Improving Medication Safety and CVD Risk Factor Control in Kidney Transplant Recipients

Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) logo

Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Medication Adherence
Diabetes Mellitus
Cardiovascular Diseases

Treatments

Behavioral: Pharmacist-led, technology enabled education intervention

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02763943
Pro00051804

Details and patient eligibility

About

There is a lack of data analyzing the influence of Cardio-vascular Diseases (CVD) risk factor control on graft survival disparities in Black transplant recipients. Studies in the general population indicate that CVD risk factor control is poor in Black patients, leading to higher rates of renal failure and CV events. However, with the exception of hypertension, there is paucity in data demonstrating similar results within transplant recipients. Recent analyses conducted within our transplant program, indicate that CVD risk factors, especially diabetes, are poorly controlled in Black recipients, which likely impacts graft loss. Since these data were collected in a retrospective manner, larger analyses are needed to validate these exploratory findings. This pilot study is to: Determine if the study is feasible, as measured by the proportions of enrolled to approached and completed to enrolled. Measure and compare, at baseline versus the end of the intervention, the medication safety events, including the number of medication errors, medication non-adherence and medication side effects, in patients enrolled in the study Measure and compare, at baseline versus the end of the intervention, CVD risk factor control, including hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia, in patients enrolled in the study Measure and compare, at baseline versus the end of the intervention, patient reported survey results, in patients enrolled in the study Determine if the impact of the intervention is more pronounced in Black recipients, as compared to non-Black recipients

Enrollment

60 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • At least 18 years of age and able to give informed consent.
  • Received a first or repeat cadaveric or living donor renal transplant.
  • Patient has adequate graft function, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of at least 20 mL/min, using the 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation.
  • Patient is at least one year post transplant.
  • Patient has documented hypertension, defined as a sitting blood pressure of at least 140/90 mmHg or receiving any anti-hypertensive therapy.
  • Patient has documented diabetes mellitus, defined as a hemoglobin A1c of at least 6.5% or receiving any anti-glycemic medications.
  • Willing to comply with all study visits.

Exclusion criteria

  • Biopsy proven acute rejection episode that occurred within the past month.
  • Patients who have received an organ transplant other than a kidney.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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