In-hospital Neutron Irradiator (IHNI)-Based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) in the Treatment of Malignant Melanoma

C

Central South University

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Boron Neutron Capture Therapy
Melanoma

Treatments

Radiation: Boronophenylalanine and IHNI-based BNCT

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02759536
XY3-IHNI1307A01

Details and patient eligibility

About

Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) has been used in the treatment of several types of malignant tumors, including malignant melanoma, high-grade gliomas, and advanced head and neck cancers. Theoretically, it represents a more precise radiotherapy in that it could spare normal cells while destroy malignant ones. However, its value is largely restricted by the fact that it could only be performed in the nuclear research reactors, the only neutron source at the time. In 2010, the world's first in-hospital neutron irradiator (IHNI) had been constructed in Beijing, China, and this study aims to evaluate whether IHNI has the potential to serve as an effective in-hospital neutron source for BNCT.

Full description

This is a single BNCT-facility, non-randomized, non-comparative, open-label, phase I to II clinical trial to determine the value of IHNI in the performance of BNCT. Before patients are recruited in this study, they must have been confirmed as malignant melanoma by biopsy and pathological analysis. Then they will receive a boron bio-distribution test, only patients whose boron concentration in tumor tissue is >1.5 times that in the blood will be enrolled. Before patients being irradiated in IHNI, they will be infused Boronophenylalanine (BPA)-fructose solution intravenously at a dose of 350mg/kg over 90 minutes, and then blood will be withdrawn from the patient at different time points to measure boron concentration. The start point and duration of irradiation will be determined based on the boron concentration in blood and the boron bio-distribution curve. IHNI locates in Fangshan District, Beijing, China. The recruitment of patients, and their evaluation and medical care before and after BNCT will be done in the Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, China. All patients will be evaluated for response by biopsy and pathological analysis, Positron Emission Computed Tomography (PET-CT), Computed Tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Enrollment

30 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Sign an informed consent form.
  • Age above 18, gender unlimited.
  • Expectation of life above 3 months.
  • Characteristic of disease: ① Pathological analysis confirms the diagnosis of melanoma. ② PET-CT and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) can be used for auxiliary diagnosis. ③Diameter of at least one solid tumor ≥ 1cm.
  • KPS score: ≥70%.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score: 0-2 grade.
  • (Within a week) Complete blood count: hemoglobin≥90g/L, leukocyte ≥ 4.0×109/L, neutrophilic granulocyte ≥ 2.0×109/L, platelet ≥ 100.0×109/L; Renal function: creatinine ≤ 180 umol/L.
  • Never accepted radiation or chemotherapy, or the interval of radiation or chemotherapy administered above 3 month.
  • Never accepted target drugs or biotherapeutics.
  • Urine pregnancy test negative (selectivity).

Exclusion criteria

  • Intolerable to BNCT treatment.
  • Sever coagulation disorders.
  • Poor compliance.
  • Sever complications or infection without control.
  • Pregnant woman or woman in lactation period.
  • Patients with metallic instruments (such as pacemaker, artificial limb).
  • Boron concentration in tumor tissue was <1.5 times that in blood.
  • Age<18.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

30 participants in 1 patient group

Boronophenylalanine and IHNI-based BNCT
Experimental group
Treatment:
Radiation: Boronophenylalanine and IHNI-based BNCT

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Shaihong Zhu, M.D.; Zhong Yong, M.D.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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