Incentivizing Buprenorphine-Naloxone Initiation in Emergency Departments

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University of Pennsylvania

Status

Completed

Conditions

Opioid Use

Treatments

Behavioral: Training
Behavioral: Behavioral economic enhanced arm

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03821103
832359

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study seeks to test standard and behavioral economic-enhanced training strategies to bolster first-time Emergency Department-initiated buprenorphine-naloxone administration among Emergency Department providers.

Full description

Philadelphia is experiencing a significant opioid crisis. Through this novel pilot study, critical training about opioid use disorder and medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine-naloxone will be provided to emergency providers and changes in clinical practice will be incentivized in order to optimize treatment engagement for patients with opioid use disorder in the Emergency Department. Participants will be invited to participate in a brief in-person training session, will receive a pre- and post-session knowledge and attitude assessment, and will be invited to self-report first-time buprenorphine-naloxone Emergency Department administration within the 3 month study period. Participants will be randomized to one of two arms: standard training arm and behavioral economic enhanced arm. The standard training arm will receive the aforementioned intervention. The behavioral economic enhanced arm will additionally receive an opt-out invitation, loss-framed incentivization, and weekly tailored text message-based reminders. Endpoints of interest include retained knowledge and change in provider attitudes regarding Emergency department buprenorphine-naloxone administration and treatment following training and again at 3 months, and first-time Emergency department administration of buprenorphine-naloxone.

Enrollment

104 patients

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Residents and Advanced Practice Providers and attending clinicians working in emergency departments in Pennsylvania.

Exclusion criteria

-

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

104 participants in 2 patient groups

Standard training arm
Experimental group
Description:
The standard training arm will consist of (1) in-person training with pre- and post-session knowledge and attitude assessment, (2) three month post-session knowledge and attitude assessment and (3) self-report of first-time buprenorphine-naloxone Emergency Department administration within 3 month study period.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Training
Behavioral economic enhanced arm
Experimental group
Description:
The behavioral economic enhanced training arm will consist of (1) in-person training with pre- and post-session knowledge and attitude assessment, (2) three month post-session knowledge and attitude assessment and (3) self-report of first-time buprenorphine-naloxone Emergency Department administration within 3 month study period in addition to an opt-out invitation, loss-framed incentivization, and weekly tailored text message-based reminders
Treatment:
Behavioral: Behavioral economic enhanced arm
Behavioral: Training

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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