Increasing Healthcare Engagement Via Routine Vaccination Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men

A

Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Status

Withdrawn

Conditions

Meningitis
HPV - Anogenital Human Papilloma Virus Infection
Hepatitis A

Treatments

Behavioral: Comparison arm
Behavioral: POL arm

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03445416
PA18162

Details and patient eligibility

About

Vaccine-preventable diseases such as hepatitis A and meningitis, as well as cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) disproportionately impact young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). Traditional techniques of vaccination promotion have been unable to address the racial disparities in vaccination rates. One promising method for influencing behavior change within YBMSM networks is diffusion of information through Popular Opinion Leaders (POLs). The POL model engages persons who are leaders within their own networks/communities to promote behavior change. The objective of this project is to develop and pilot test a POL intervention to increase routine HAV, HPV and meningococcal conjugate vaccination among YBMSM, ages 18-26. research (PAR) framework to facilitate community support and ensure intervention strategies are salient. PAR includes community members as equal collaborators in the research process. Outcomes from these aims are expected to have an impact on health outcomes by identifying effective strategies for increasing vaccination and routine healthcare engagement among YBMSM.

Full description

For young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM), being at the intersection of racial and sexual minority status negatively impacts their access to healthcare and health seeking behavior, both of which fuel health disparities-particularly in infectious diseases. Prominent illustrations of these health disparities can be seen in reduced healthcare engagement and receipt of recommended vaccinations. Vaccine-preventable diseases such as hepatitis A and meningitis, as well as cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) disproportionately impact MSM. As such, MSM are considered to be at high risk and are recommended to receive routine vaccination for hepatitis A (HAV), human papillomavirus (HPV) and meningitis. However, very little is known about how to promote uptake of routine vaccination among YBMSM. Traditional techniques of vaccination promotion (e.g., leveraging healthcare providers, school entry requirements) have been unable to address the racial disparities in vaccination rates. One promising method for influencing behavior change within YBMSM networks is diffusion of information through Popular Opinion Leaders (POLs). Trusted POLs may be successful in mitigating barriers in which traditional approaches have failed. The POL model engages persons who are leaders within their own networks/communities to promote behavior change. In response to PA-18-162 ("Health Promotion among Racial and Ethnic Minority Males"), the objective of this project is to develop and pilot test a POL intervention to increase routine HAV, HPV and meningococcal conjugate vaccination among YBMSM, ages 18-26. The long-term goal of our research is to reduce health disparities by identifying effective strategies to engage YBMSM in preventive healthcare. YBMSM will be included in all phases of research via a participatory action research (PAR) framework to facilitate community support and ensure intervention strategies are salient. PAR includes community members as equal collaborators in the research process. Outcomes from these aims are expected to have an impact on health outcomes by identifying effective strategies for increasing vaccination and routine healthcare engagement among YBMSM.

Sex

Male

Ages

18 to 26 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 18 years or older
  • report a social or sexual connection to at least 15 YBMSM
  • be willing to diffuse information through their networks
  • score at least 25 on the opinion leadership scale
  • live in the Chicago area
  • be available for the POL training

Exclusion criteria

  • Younger than age 18
  • Less than 15 YBMSM in network
  • Score lower than 25 on leadership scale
  • Live outside the Chicago area
  • Not available for the POL training

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

0 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention: POL arm
Experimental group
Description:
POL intervention. Enrolled POLs will be randomized at their intake visit; those randomized to the intervention arm will attend the popular opinion leader training (developed in Aim 1) and will be asked to diffuse the intervention messages to their network recruits.
Treatment:
Behavioral: POL arm
Comparison group
Active Comparator group
Description:
POLs who are randomized to the comparison arm will receive an abbreviated version of the POL training that includes general health messaging, but does not incorporate medical mistrust, stigma or specific vaccination messaging.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Comparison arm

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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