Increasing Medication Check Participation Through Applying CT-r (IMPACT)

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Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Status

Completed

Conditions

Schizophrenia and Related Disorders

Treatments

Behavioral: Recovery Oriented CBTp Medication Management
Behavioral: Treatment as Usual

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06231407
220048

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of this feasibility and acceptability trial is to learn about the acceptability of adding a recovery-oriented, psychological framework to a standard medication management appointment with a psychiatrist and any impact on attendance and functioning. The main question\[s\] it aims to answer are: 1. Will CT-R medication checks will be acceptable to the patient and feasible to deliver and receive, as measured by asking patients how they like the CT-R med checks and our ability to do this study in addition to number of patient drop-outs? 2. Will CT-R medication checks will be related to significantly greater engagement with treatment as measured by: lower no-show rates, greater self-reported working alliance, and better treatment adherence? 3. Will CT-R medication checks will be related to greater activity and increase in functioning as measured by: time use survey, GAF, skill use? 4. Will CT-R medication checks will be related to a trend in improved defeatist beliefs, negative symptoms, paranoia, and self-esteem? Researchers will compare the group assigned to the trial psychiatrists to a small group who were assigned to non-trial psychiatrists to see if the intervention impacted any of the above questions beyond TAU.

Full description

The current study aims to test whether adapting a psychological treatment for schizophrenia to medication appointments with psychiatry residents is acceptable and feasible, and whether it improves treatment engagement, functioning and symptom burden, particularly negative symptoms. In addition to providing psychiatry residents with a framework for conducting medication appointments, it will also give patients with psychotic disorders access to empirically-supported psychological interventions, that they may not otherwise have access to. We will test the acceptability and feasibility of this adapted intervention and examine whether effect sizes of change with intervention in this sample size warrant testing in a larger study. Only patients who consent to being in the study will receive CT-R medication appointments. CT-R is a therapy process that is being implemented within the medication appointments. The provided measures and tasks are outcomes to be measured throughout the study. For instance, we are interested in how clinical symptoms, subjective well-being, and treatment engagement change with the implementation of CT-R in medication appointments. CT-R medication checks will be acceptable to the patient and feasible to deliver and receive, as measured by asking patients how they like the CT-R med checks and our ability to do this study in addition to number of patient drop-outs. CT-R medication checks will be related to significantly greater engagement with treatment as measured by: lower no-show rates, greater self-reported working alliance, and better treatment adherence CT-R medication checks will be related to greater activity and increase in functioning as measured by: time use survey, GAF, skill use CT-R medication checks will be related to a trend in improved defeatist beliefs, negative symptoms, paranoia, and self-esteem Exploratory analyses will include: CT-R med checks will be related to greater improvement on a cognitive motivation task (EEfRT/Balloon task) Improvement in Defeatist Belief Scale (DBS) and Neg Symptoms will be mediated by increased treatment adherence, engagement and activity Expected study duration: 3 years 3. Procedures_________________________________________________________________ 4.1 Recruitment Vanderbilt Adult Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic (VAPOC): Individuals who are currently being seen for medication management through VAPOC, and who meet eligibility criteria, will be identified by the treating providers and study staff through review of medical records and consultation with providing clinicians. Potential participants will only be approached with the approval of the treating provider, who will determine whether that individual is likely to have the capacity to consider the research study and provide consent. If appropriate, their provider will ensure that the patient is agreeable to being approached about a research study or introduce the patient to the research team. Potential participants will be approached by research staff after their appointment for a brief screening visit. Recruitment may occur in person, over telehealth, or over the phone. VAPOC accommodates both in-person and telehealth appointments, depending on the patient's preference. Therefore, for eligible patients who are seen regularly over telehealth, recruitment may occur by joining the telehealth appointment at the end of the visit. Additionally, potential participants may not be available to stay after their appointment, despite interest in the study. Therefore, individuals identified as a good fit, who cannot be connected with in-person, will be called on the phone for a screening, with the provider's consent and after the provider has ensured that the patient is agreeable to being called about a research study. Resident subjects will be recruited from Vanderbilt Adult Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic. Residents who are involved with the study will be contacted either by email or in-person to assess their interest in being enrolled and consented as a participant in order for the research team to gather information about the acceptability and feasibility of carrying out the intervention. 4.3 Planned enrollment: We plan to recruit up to 40 subjects for the study. 4.4 Screening and Consent: Potential research subjects will be asked if they would like to participate in the current study. If they report potential interest, a pre-screening will occur. This screening will occur in person, over the phone or over telehealth (Zoom) using the Screening Form or Phone Script. Informed consent will be obtained by study personnel directly involved in the research (i.e. research staff or PI). Personnel have completed IRB training and have considerable experience running studies in clinical populations. Informed consent will be obtained either, 1) in the research offices at the Psychiatric Neuroimaging Program or 2) over Zoom during a virtual study visit. A research staff member will explain the applicable procedures and the possible risks and benefits to the subjects. The details of the informed consent procedure are as follows: The investigator or research staff and the subject will read together the entire consent form. The subject will be asked details about the study. To document that the subject has read the consent form and has the capacity to understand the most important details, the investigator will use the appropriate Informed Consent Survey. The questions will be read by the investigator or research staff and the answers will be recorded. If the subject is unable to answer any of the questions, or if the subject demonstrates a lack of understanding, the investigator or research staff member will then review the details of the study again. Subjects who are unable to answer the questions, even after additional information is provided, will be excluded from the study. The subject will be informed that regardless of whether or not they take part in this research study, it will not affect their treatment, payment or enrollment in any health plans or affect their ability to get benefits or care in any way. The subject will be provided with copies of the signed consent form and the Informed Consent Survey (including the answers given) at the time of the initial visit. If completed virtually, this will be emailed, using secure email methods, to the subject with their consent. At each visit, we will 1) remind participants that the research visit is voluntary (no matter how many previous visits they have done) and 2) ask them to tell us what they believe the purpose of the study is and repeat back what they will be doing that day (e.g. cognitive tasks, self-reports). It will be emphasized to all subjects that their participation is completely voluntary, and that even after signing the consent document they are still free to withdraw from the study at any time. It will also be emphasized that if they choose to leave the study, their medication management at VAPOC will not be impacted, and they can continue seeing their medication provider as usual. 4.5 Intervention Assignment Participants will not be randomized. Instead, they will serve as their own controls. Individuals will be recruited during Spring 2022 as described in section 3.1. Following their baseline assessment, participants will continue treatment as usual (TAU) with their current provider. The amount of time they are in the TAU branch of the study will depend on their date of recruitment. The intervention phase of the study will occur between August 2022- June 2023, after the patient has established care with their new provider. Therefore, a participant who was recruited in April 2021 may have a TAU duration of 5 months, whereas a participant who was recruited in June 2021 may only have TAU of 2 months. Participants not assigned to a resident associated with the study will continue in the study as controls, given their re-consent. 4.7 Medication appointments Resident physicians will provide medication appointments, supervised by their attending physician (Stovall) and CT-R supervisor (Brinen). They will conduct their appointment per protocol (see below). No additional/special information needs to be recorded in medical record, beyond the clinical notes expected per VAPOC policy. Appointments will be a standard length. No-shows and hospitalizations will be recorded in the chart per clinic procedures and will be monitored and recorded by study staff, with additional support from the Informatics team. 4.8 Video/Audio Recording In order to ensure treatment fidelity, medication appointments will be video and/or audio recorded. Further, the qualitative interviews will be audio-recorded for later analyses. All recordings will be included in the Informed Consent document and described to the participants prior to study enrollment. Physicians will upload their sessions to a folder on Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) Box, which will only be available to necessary study staff for review. Additionally, qualitative interview recordings will be uploaded to a folder on VUMC Box, which will only be available to necessary study staff for review.

Enrollment

26 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. 18-80 years old
  2. Schizophrenia-spectrum disorder
  3. Typically scheduled 1x/month
  4. Willingness to complete 2-3 hours of testing at multiple timepoints
  5. Likely to stay in our clinic for the next 1-2 years

Exclusion criteria

  1. Significant intellectual disability
  2. Autism spectrum disorder
  3. Cannot read/write English

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

26 participants in 2 patient groups

Recovery Oriented CBTp Med Check
Experimental group
Description:
Resident physicians will provide medication appointments, supervised by their attending physician (Stovall) and CT-R supervisor (Brinen). They will conduct their appointment per protocol detailed in a treatment manual. No additional/special information needs to be recorded in medical record, beyond the clinical notes expected per VAPOC policy. Appointments will be a standard length.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Recovery Oriented CBTp Medication Management
Treatment as Usual
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patient will attend traditional medication management check appointments with psychiatry residents.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Treatment as Usual

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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