Incretin Effect in PCOS Women

U

University Hospital, Gentofte, Copenhagen

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Treatments

Drug: Metformin
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01892254
PCOS-INK

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study investigates the incretin effect in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) before and after removal of their insulin resistance by metformin. The investigators' hypothesis is that insulin resistant women with PCOS have a reduced incretin effect and elevated glucagon responses as measured by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and isoglycemic i.v. glucose infusion. The investigators hypothesise that both can be improved when their insulin resistance is removed.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria PCOS-women:

  • Diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria
  • more than 18 years old
  • BMI less than 30 kg/m2
  • Normal glucose tolerance and fasting plasma glucose (assessed by 75-g OGTT)
  • Negative GAD65 and islet cell autoantibodies
  • Insulin resistant according to HOMA-IR
  • informed consent

Inclusion Criteria healthy women:

  • more than 18 years old
  • BMI less than 30 kg/m2
  • Normal glucose tolerance and fasting plasma glucose (assessed by 75-g OGTT)
  • Negative GAD65 and islet cell autoantibodies
  • informed consent
  • regular menstrual cycle (28-35 days)
  • Plasma androgen levels within reference levels

Exclusion Criteria PCOS and healthy women:

  • First or second degree relatives with diabetes
  • pregnancy or breast feeding
  • treatment with medication which influences the glucose metabolism (incl hormonal contraception)
  • Congenital diseases which cause hyperandrogenism and irregular bleeding
  • Known adrenal hyperplasia
  • Known hyperprolaktinemia
  • Alcohol consumption of more than 20 grams a day
  • Hemoglobin less than 7.8 %

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

20 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Metformin-Placebo
Experimental group
Description:
Metformin, 2x 2 tablets a day, 500 mg tablets for 12 weeks, 6 weeks wash-out, 12 weeks placebo
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Metformin
Placebo-metformin
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo tablets, 2x 2 tablets per day for 12 weeks, 6 weeks wash-out, 12 weeks metformin, 2x 2 tablets per day, 500 mg per tablet
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Metformin

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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