Inhaled Steroids for Pediatric Asthma at Pediatric Emergency Medicine Discharge

N

New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Asthma
Pediatric ALL

Treatments

Drug: budesonide, beclomethasone

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03369847
17-10-161-202(HHC)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study evaluates the initiation of inhaled corticosteroids upon discharge from the pediatric emergency room in children under 18 presenting with asthma exacerbation. Half of the patients will receive a prescription for inhaled corticosteroids in addition to standard care, and half of the patients will receive standard card alone.

Full description

The primary objective is to determine the effect of prescribing inhaled corticosteroids in addition to short acting beta agonists and oral corticosteroids (if indicated) from the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) on relapse rates within 28 days. Secondary objectives include the effect of this intervention on hospitalization rates and asthma quality of life within the study period. Selection criteria include patients aged ≤18 years presenting with a chief complaint consistent with asthma exacerbation with previous diagnosis of asthma by a physician OR one major in the Asthma Predictive Index (API) with two prior episodes of wheezing in the past year. Children who received oral corticosteroids as part of treatment during this visit for acute asthma exacerbation and deemed well enough after interventions to be discharged by the treating physician will be approached for enrollment. Exclusion criteria include patients who received asthma controller medications within four weeks prior to presentation or an allergy to intervention asthma controller mediations. Patients will be randomized using a random number generator to the intervention group, or standard care (control) group in a 1:1 ratio. Patients assigned to the intervention group will be subject to initiation of an asthma controller medication upon discharge. The intervention group will receive a one-month supply of a low-dose inhaled corticosteroid from the PED. Patients <5 years of age or patients who prefer nebulized medications will receive a one month supply of low dose Pulmicort (budesonide) solution 0.25mg/respule to be given twice a day via nebulizer. Patients ≥5 years of age will receive one low dose QVAR (Beclometasone dipropionate) metered-dose inhaler (MDI) 40mcg/puff with instructions to take it two puffs twice a day with spacer. Patients allocated to the control group will not receive an asthma controller medication from the PED. Both groups will receive prescriptions for oral corticosteroids as per standard treatment and inhaled albuterol. The Mini Pediatric Asthma Control Tool (MPACT), a validated questionnaire used to rapidly identify persistent asthma symptoms in the PED will also be administered prior to discharge to assess for persistent asthma symptoms. Patients will be followed up with a telephone call at 28 days to collect outcome data. Additional attempts will be made at 29 and 30 days post-discharge if initial attempts at contact are unsuccessful. Primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed during this call. The caller will not be blinded to group assignment. Asthma relapse rates, hospital admission rates, and medication compliance will be assessed during this follow up call. In addition, the Mini Pediatric Asthma Control Tool will be re-administered to assess change in asthma control.

Enrollment

43 patients

Sex

All

Ages

Under 18 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Chief complaint consistent with asthma exacerbation
  • Previous diagnosis of asthma by a physician OR one major in the Asthma Predictive Index (API) with two prior episodes of wheezing in the past year.
  • Major criteria in the API: parent with asthma, patient with eczema, evidence of sensitization to allergens in the air
  • Received oral corticosteroids as part of treatment during this visit for acute asthma exacerbation.
  • Deemed well enough after interventions to be discharged by the treating physician.
  • If <5 years of age, possession of nebulizer machine at home.

Exclusion criteria

  • Received asthma controller medications within four weeks prior to presentation
  • Allergy to intervention asthma controller medications.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

43 participants in 2 patient groups

Inhaled Corticosteroids
Experimental group
Description:
Patients under 5 years of age will receive low dose budesonide solution 0.25mg/respule to be given twice a day via nebulizer x 28 days. Patients 5 years and older will receive one beclomethasone metered-dose inhaler (MDI) 40mcg/puff two puffs twice a day via spacer x 28 days
Treatment:
Drug: budesonide, beclomethasone
Standard Care
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients allocated to this group will not receive an asthma controller medication from the emergency department. The intervention group will receive prescriptions for inhaled albuterol and oral corticosteroids as per standard treatment.

Trial contacts and locations

0

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location

Resources

© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems