Initiation of Oral Feeding at 30 Versus 33 Weeks Postmenstrual Age

The University of Texas System (UT) logo

The University of Texas System (UT)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Prematurity

Treatments

Other: Oral feeding

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01787019
Age of Oral Feeding

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of the study is to determine if earlier initiation of oral (by mouth as opposed to tube) feedings in premature infants results in earlier attainment of full oral feedings and/or discharge.

Full description

Infants will be enrolled and randomized at 30 0/7 weeks postmenstrual age. The Earlier Oral Feeding group will initiate oral feedings at 30 0/7 weeks postmenstrual age. The Later Oral Feeding group will initiate oral feedings at 33 0/7 weeks postmenstrual age. The number of oral feeding attempts will be advanced according to a feeding progression protocol for both groups. Successful completion of a feeding is defined as oral completion of the full volume of a feeding within 30 minutes, without a bradycardic episode (heart rate <100 beats per minute) or desaturation (oxygen saturation decrease >5% from baseline values). If infant does not successfully complete >95% of the total prescribed volume of a feeding, the remainder of the volume will be supplied via gastric tube. All oral feedings will be performed by bedside nurses, or by a parent with observation by the nursing staff, with continuous cardiorespiratory and pulse oximetry monitoring. Individual oral feeding attempts for both groups will continue until one of the following occurs despite appropriate pacing of the feeding: 1) the feeding is completed 2) feeding duration of 30 minutes 3) adverse event during a feeding [multiple bradycardic episodes (3 episodes of heart rate <100 beats per minute), bradycardia with choking episode, single severe bradycardia (heart rate <60)]. If the infant experiences an adverse event during an oral feeding attempt, oral feeding attempts will be held for 2 days.

Enrollment

66 patients

Sex

All

Ages

Under 7 weeks old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Gestational age <= 29 weeks at birth
  • Tolerating enteral feedings for at least 3 days before 30 weeks postmenstrual age

Exclusion criteria

  • Neurologic, cardiac, respiratory, or gastrointestinal disorders that interfere with oral feeding

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

66 participants in 2 patient groups

30 weeks
Experimental group
Description:
initiation of oral feedings at 30 weeks
Treatment:
Other: Oral feeding
33 weeks
Active Comparator group
Description:
initiation of oral feedings at 33 weeks
Treatment:
Other: Oral feeding

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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