Injection-Assisted Cold Snare Polypectomy Versus Endoscopic Mucosal Resection for Small Colorectal Polyps

B

Benizelion General Hospital

Status

Completed

Conditions

Colonic Polyps

Treatments

Procedure: Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
Procedure: Injection-assisted Cold Snare Polypectomy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02678663
1513/3.2.2016

Details and patient eligibility

About

Complete resection of neoplastic polyps is pivotal, as 8.8% to 50% of interval cancers may arise as a consequence of incomplete polypectomy. However, the ideal method to remove small colorectal polyps remains uncertain. The investigators designed a randomized controlled trial to assess whether injection-assisted cold snare polypectomy may be noninferior to EMR for the resection of small (6-10mm) colorectal polyps.

Full description

Polypectomy is the basis of colorectal cancer prevention by interrupting the adenoma-to-carcinoma sequence. Most of the polypectomies are performed for diminutive (≤5mm) or small (6-10mm) colorectal lesions which represent >90% of the overall burden of resected polyps. Although the potential for neoplasia is usually size-dependent, recent evidence suggested that even diminutive and small polyps harbor a substantial risk of advanced neoplasia (in some series as high as 9-10%). Complete resection of neoplastic polyps is pivotal, as 8.8% to 50% of interval cancers may arise as a consequence of incomplete polypectomy. However, the ideal method to remove small colorectal polyps remains uncertain. Cold snare polypectomy has become standard technique allowing for comprehensive and safe resection of diminutive polyps, though significant incomplete resection rates have challenged the implementation of CSP for larger (in particular 8-10mm) polyps. Submucosal injection of a solution containing a staining dye could improve the outcome of cold snare polypectomy: a) lift of the lesion with submucosal chromoendoscopy could sharply delineate margins and facilitate capture and removal by using a cold snare, and b) formation of a submucosal cushion could minimize mechanical damage to the submucosal vessels, preventing the occurrence of immediate bleeding. Use of electrocautery is believed to reduce the risk of incomplete resection, although it is less attractive from a safety standpoint due to the risk of complications including delayed bleeding, post-polypectomy syndrome and perforation. Injection of a submucosal solution in order to lift the lesion (injection-assisted endoscopic mucosal resection, EMR) facilitates "hot" resection of sessile or flat neoplasms and allows for a deeper resection margin as compared to conventional polypectomy, while it minimizes electrocautery damage by creating a safety cushion. Despite it is highly efficient, EMR still carries a substantial risk of complications (in most series 7-8%) which has generally limited uptake of the technique among endoscopists for the removal of small polyps. Therefore, the investigators designed a randomized controlled trial to assess whether injection-assisted cold snare polypectomy may be noninferior to EMR for the resection of small (6-10mm) colorectal polyps. METHODS The study will be conducted in the endoscopy units of the Benizelion General Hospital (Heraklion, Crete, Greece) and the Konstantopoulio General Hospital (Nea Ionia, Athens, Greece). Consecutive subjects over the age of 18 years who agree informed consent and who have at least one polyp of eligible size (6-10mm) will be randomly assigned in two groups: Injection-assisted cold snare polypectomy (I-CSP). Polyps in this group will be resected with the cold snare technique after pre-lift of the lesion with a submucosal injection of methylene blue-tinted normal saline solution. The polyp and a small rim of normal tissue will be then snared closely and removed in a single piece without the use of electrocautery. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). Polyps in this group will be removed in a single piece by using an "inject-and-cut" EMR technique. Methylene blue-tinted normal saline solution will be injected into the submucosal space followed by the application of snare cautery for lesion resection. All polypectomy specimens will be retrieved by suctioning into a polyp trap or by using retrieval forceps and send for histopathological examination. The polypectomy site will be rinsed with tap water and carefully inspected for residual polyp. Targeted biopsies will be obtained from any areas in the polypectomy site margin suspicious for residual tissue. Protrusions in the polypectomy base after I-CSP will be recorded and a biopsy will be taken for separate histological assessment. Histological evaluation of polypectomy specimens and post-polypectomy biopsy specimens will rely on the criteria of the World Health Organization and will be performed by experienced GI pathologists blinded to the polytectomy technique used and the endoscopic findings.

Enrollment

164 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Subjects over the age of 18 years who agree informed consent and who have at least one polyp of eligible size (6-10mm)

Exclusion criteria

  • Anticoagulant therapy during the past 1 week of the procedure
  • Known coagulopathy
  • History of liver cirrhosis, chronic kidney disease, malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease, significant infectious disease, polyposis syndrome

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

164 participants in 2 patient groups

Injection-assisted cold snare polypectomy (I-CSP)
Experimental group
Description:
Polyps in this group will be resected with the cold snare technique after pre-lift of the lesion with a submucosal injection of methylene blue-tinted normal saline solution. The polyp and a small rim of normal tissue will be then snared closely and removed in a single piece without the use of electrocautery.
Treatment:
Procedure: Injection-assisted Cold Snare Polypectomy
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR).
Active Comparator group
Description:
Polyps in this group will be removed in a single piece by using an "inject-and-cut" EMR technique. Methylene blue-tinted normal saline solution will be injected into the submucosal space followed by the application of snare cautery for lesion resection.
Treatment:
Procedure: Endoscopic Mucosal Resection

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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