Inspiratory Muscle Training in Stroke Patients With Stable Congestive Heart Failure: a Prospective RCT.

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Chang Gung Medical Foundation

Status

Completed

Conditions

Dyspnea

Treatments

Device: Threshold® IMT HS730, RESPIRONICS Inc, Cedar Grove, NJ, USA
Other: post-stroke rehabilitation program

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02614001
99-3663A3

Details and patient eligibility

About

Objectives: Little has been known the effectiveness of respiratory muscle training in patients with both stroke and heart failure. To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in the respiratory muscle strength, cardiopulmonary function, exercise capacity, fatigue and quality of life in stroke patients with congestive heart failure. Design: A single-blind prospective randomized controlled study. Setting: A tertiary care medical center. Participant and method A total of twenty stroke patients with stable CHF, class I-III [NYHA (New York Heart Association)], aging between 20 to 85 year-old, will be eligible and randomly assigned into IMT and control group. Stroke will be confirmed by computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. And CHF will be confirmed by a cardiologist. Both of groups will receive a conventional stroke rehabilitation program and diaphragmatic breathing training. The IMT groups will be trained daily, 30 minutes per day, at least 5 times a week, for 4 weeks; then readmitted to hospital 2 weeks later. For checking the compliance of IMT at home, patients will be monitored by making a phone call to them twice a week. Or patient will receive an out patient program about 10 weeks if they are not admitted to our hospital. Main outcome measurement: Each subject's baseline characteristics, and duration of the disease, neurological level (Brunnstrom's stage), functional level, spirometry; resting heart rate, blood pressure, resting oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), lowest resting SpO2, maximal inspiratory pressure, maximal expiratory pressure, the resting oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), lowest resting SpO2 and Borg's scale during a 6-minute walking test , handgrip strength, visual analog scale for severity of fatigue, fatigue assessment scale, Barthel scale will be assessed before and after program.

Full description

A total of forty stroke patients with stable CHF, NYHA (New York Heart Association) class I-III, aging between 20 to 85 year-old, will be eligible and randomly assigned into IMT and control group. The diagnosis of CHF is according to framingham Criteria. Consensus will be completed before our intervention. All technicians who performed the different measurements and assessed the outcomes were blinded to group assignments. Both of groups will receive a conventional stroke rehabilitation program. Exclusion criteria Patients who can't tightly place their lips over the mouthpiece or have air leakage during inhaling or exhaling through the threshold device, have COPD, a history of recent exacerbation, unstable angina, decompensated CHF, complicated arrhythmias, at risk or history of pneumothorax, large bullae on chest radiograph, marked osteoporosis together with a history of spontaneous rib fractures, a history of recent lung surgery (ie, within 12 months), or use of long-term oxygen therapy. The Institutional Review Board of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center will approve the study protocol and all patients provided informed consent. IMT training: Inspiratory muscle training will be performed by using a pressure threshold device (Threshold® IMT HS730, RESPIRONICS Inc, Cedar Grove, NJ, USA). During training, patients will be in a sitting position with a nose-clip and instructed to place their lips around the mouthpiece, inhale with enough force to open the valve, exhale through the mouthpiece, and then continue inhaling and exhaling without removing the device from their mouth. During the initial training session, patients will be encouraged to start at a resistance equal to 30% of their MIP or at a load the patient can tolerated, and then the loading will be gradually increased 2cm H2O per week or as symptom tolerated and according to the RPE scale. Throughout the first session training, the monitoring of oxygen saturation will be applied. And the load will be minimized if there is any decrease in oxygen saturation during loaded breathing Patients will take intermittent periods of rest if they feel uncomfortable; and if the patient cannot tolerate the increased resistance or the patients who are unable to finish full session training, and then those of last part of training will be continued. Patients will be warned to expect transient delayed-onset muscle soreness, a consequence of muscle adaptation to an unaccustomed activity. And training will be immediately stopped if they experience severe sharp pain on inspiration. Patient will be trained daily, total 30 minutes or 15 minutes twice per day, at least 5 times a week, for 4 weeks; then readmitted to hospital 2 weeks later . For checking the compliance of IMT at home, patients will be monitored by making a phone call to them twice a week. Or patient will receive an outpatient program about 10 weeks if they are not readmitted to our hospital, or patient will directly receive outpatient program if they cannot be admitted in the hospital..

Enrollment

48 patients

Sex

All

Ages

20 to 85 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

stroke patients with stable CHF, NYHA(New York Heart Association) class I-III

Exclusion criteria

Patients who can't tightly place their lips over the mouthpiece or have air leakage during inhaling or exhaling through the threshold device, have COPD, a history of recent exacerbation, unstable angina, decompensated CHF, complicated arrhythmias, at risk or history of pneumothorax, large bullae on chest radiograph, marked osteoporosis together with a history of spontaneous rib fractures, a history of recent lung surgery (ie, within 12 months), or use of long-term oxygen therapy.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

48 participants in 2 patient groups

inspiratory muscle training, stroke rehabilitation
Experimental group
Description:
Inspiratory muscle training with a pressure threshold device (Threshold® IMT HS730, RESPIRONICS Inc, Cedar Grove, NJ, USA) will be start at a resistance equal to 30% of their MIP or at a load which patient can tolerate, and then the loading will be gradually increased 2cm H2O per week or as symptom tolerated and according to the RPE scale. Each patient will receive regular post-stroke rehabilitation program.
Treatment:
Other: post-stroke rehabilitation program
Device: Threshold® IMT HS730, RESPIRONICS Inc, Cedar Grove, NJ, USA
control group
Other group
Description:
stroke rehabilitation.
Treatment:
Other: post-stroke rehabilitation program

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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