Insulin Glulisine Administered Pre-meal Versus Post-meal in Adult Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Receiving Insulin Glargine as Basal Insulin

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Status and phase

Phase 3


Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2


Drug: insulin glulisine
Drug: insulin glargine

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to compare the change in weight from baseline to study week 52 in the per-protocol population of pre-meal insulin glulisine (Apidra) versus post-meal Apidra, in patients receiving insulin glargine (Lantus) as basal insulin.


345 patients




18 to 70 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus for at least six months
  • 18 to 70 years of age, inclusive
  • A1c ≥ 7.5% and ≤ 10%
  • At least 3 months of continuous insulin and/or insulin analogue therapy (on at least 2 injections per day) +/- metformin prior to study entry
  • Negative glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) autoantibodies
  • Ability and willingness to perform self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) at least four times a day, and at least 7 times daily during the 7-point blood glucose (BG) profile measurement days
  • Ability and willingness to adhere to, and be compliant with, the study protocol
  • Must be able to read English or Spanish at the sixth grade level in order to complete the patient-reported outcomes component of the study
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Subjects treated with sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones (TZDs), or any other oral antidiabetic drugs (at study entry) except for insulin and/or insulin analogues with or without metformin
  • Planned pregnancy; or pregnant or lactating females
  • For subjects treated with metformin: serum creatinine ≥ 1.5 mg/dL (133 µmol/L) for males or ≥ 1.4 mg/dL (124 µmol/L) for females
  • Serum creatinine ≥ 3.0 mg/dL (266 µmol/L)
  • Any clinically significant renal disease (other than proteinuria) or hepatic disease
  • Serum ALT or AST levels greater than 2.5 X the upper limit of normal
  • Any current malignancy or any cancer within the past 5 years (except for adequately treated basal cell skin cancer or cervical carcinoma in situ)
  • Diagnosis of dementia or mental condition rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study
  • Diagnosis of impaired dexterity or vision rendering the subject unable to administer multiple daily injections (MDIs)
  • Cardiac status New York Heart Association (NYHA) III-IV
  • Hypersensitivity to Lantus or Apidra or any of their components
  • Any disease or condition (including abuse of illicit drugs, prescription medicines or alcohol) that, in the opinion of the investigator or sponsor, may interfere with the completion of the study.
  • Subject unlikely to comply with protocol, e.g., uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, and unlikelihood of completing the study
  • Subject is the investigator or any sub-investigator, research assistant, pharmacist, study coordinator, other staff or relative thereof directly involved in the conduct of the protocol

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

345 participants in 2 patient groups

Experimental group
PREMEAL ARM: Subjects randomized to this arm will receive Apidra administered three times per day 0-15 min before the three main meals; metformin (if applicable); and Lantus qd for 52 weeks.
Drug: insulin glulisine
Experimental group
POSTMEAL ARM: Subjects randomized to this arm will receive Apidra administered three times per day immediately after a meal (20 min after the start of a meal); metformin (if applicable); and Lantus qd for 52 weeks.
Drug: insulin glargine

Trial contacts and locations



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