Intensive Cryotherapy in the Emergency Department for Acute Musculoskeletal Injuries

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Stanford University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Opiate
Pain
Emergency

Treatments

Procedure: Intensive cryotherapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02720315
34835

Details and patient eligibility

About

Acute musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries, including strains, sprains or contusions, are a common reason patients seek emergency care. Pain control is an essential component of treatment. Within the orthopedic literature, there is robust body of research supporting the use of cryotherapy for post-operative patients and injured athletes. However, within the emergency department (ED), studies have been focused on pharmacologic analgesia. The absence of evidence on optimal method or impact of ice therapy for acute MSK injuries contributes to inconsistent practice patterns that may impede symptom control or increase narcotic usage. The specific aim of the ICED investigation is to evaluate the effectiveness of intensive cryotherapy for the treatment of pain due to acute MSK injuries treated in the ED. Secondary outcomes include length-of-stay (LOS), patient satisfaction, and narcotic usage.

Full description

Background Acute musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries, including strains, sprains or contusions, are a common reason patients seek emergency care. Pain control is an essential component of treatment. Within the orthopedic literature, there is robust body of research supporting the use of cryotherapy for post-operative patients and injured athletes. However, within the emergency department (ED), studies have been focused on pharmacologic analgesia. The absence of evidence on optimal method or impact of ice therapy for acute MSK injuries contributes to inconsistent practice patterns that may impede symptom control or increase narcotic usage. Objectives The specific aim of the ICED investigation is to evaluate the effectiveness of intensive cryotherapy for the treatment of pain due to acute MSK injuries treated in the ED. Secondary outcomes include length-of-stay (LOS), and narcotic usage. Methods Adults younger than sixty-six years-old presenting to the ED with acute MSK pain are enrolled through a process of informed consent, unless one or more of the exclusion criteria are met. Crushed ice is double-bagged and applied at the site of injury, where it is wrapped in place for twenty minutes. Pain scores are measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) when the ice is applied, at 20 minutes and at 60 minutes. Treating physicians do not alter their management. Data on LOS and use of pharmacologic analgesics are obtained through chart review. Results Change in VAS will be analyzed with regression analysis and analysis of variance. Patients are grouped into categories of pharmacologic analgesic usage. Patient satisfaction scores and narcotic usage will be analyzed using a Chi Square test, while LOS data compared with an unpaired two-tailed t-test.

Enrollment

38 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • all people presenting to the ED with musculoskeletal injuries

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with hip fractures
  • Patients with open fractures
  • Patients with altered mental status who are unable to consent to participate in the study
  • Patients activated as a trauma
  • Patients with fractures or dislocations requiring closed reduction in the emergency department
  • Minors
  • Prisoners
  • Patients with known pregnancy
  • Patient who are receiving investigational drug as part of another study

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

38 participants in 2 patient groups

Intensive cryotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Application of ice in a plastic bag wrapped to the patient's site of pain, and kept in place for 20min.
Treatment:
Procedure: Intensive cryotherapy
Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Existing pain control practice of physicians and nurses, which includes application of a chemical cold pack.

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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