Interaction Between Non-typhoid Salmonella, Host Microbiota, and Immune System During Acute Infection and Remission

University of Zurich (UZH) logo

University of Zurich (UZH)

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Salmonella Infection Non-Typhoid

Treatments

Other: Stool samples
Other: Clinical information
Other: Blood samples

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03494101
SALMONELLA Study

Details and patient eligibility

About

Stool and blood samples from patients with a non-typhoid Salmonella infection will be collected during an observation period of six months and analyzed for changes in the microbiota diversity and composition, mutation rates in the Salmonella strains and the specific immune response evoked by the infection. Findings are compared to healthy individuals and individuals with acute, infectious diarrhea caused by other microorganisms.

Full description

Infection processes of a non-typhoid Salmonella infection in humans are not well understood and so far, only little research has been conducted in this area. Findings from preclinical studies, using mouse models, attributed a fundamental role in infection control to the gut microbiota and the host immune system (antibody response). In mouse models a non-typhoid Salmonella infection provokes a pronounced antibody response and salmonella-inflicted gut inflammation alters the microbiota diversity and composition in the gut lumen. To date there is only scarce evidence on similar effects in humans. During the study, longitudinal stool and blood samples will be collected from patients with a non-typhoid Salmonella infection at different study time points (2 weeks, 4 weeks and 6 months after positive Salmonella stool culture) and analyzed for changes in the microbiota, mutation rates in the Salmonella strains and the specific immune response evoked by the infection (e.g. anti-bodies). At each study time point clinical information will be investigated with a questionnaire to assess current symptoms, medication etc. Findings will be compared to healthy individuals and patients with acute, infectious diarrhea caused by other microorganisms than non-typhoid Salmonella.

Enrollment

40 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

General inclusion criteria:

  • Signed informed consent.
  • Ability to understand and follow study procedures and understand informed consent
  • Age 18-75 years.

Inclusion criteria for patients with non-typhoid Salmonella infection (n=20)

  • Acute diarrhea (≥3 bowel movements per day for ≤4 weeks)
  • Stool cultures positive for non-typhoid Salmonella ≤4 weeks before inclusion

Inclusion criteria for patients with acute, infectious diarrhea without non-typhoid Salmonella infection (n=10)

  • Acute diarrhea (≥3 bowel movements per day for ≤4 weeks)
  • Stool cultures negative for non-typhoid Salmonella infection within ≤ 4 weeks

Inclusion criteria for healthy volunteers (n=10)

• No symptoms of acute or chronic diarrhea (2 bowel movements per week to 2 per day)

Exclusion criteria

  • Current use of antibiotics
  • Medication with immunosuppressants (e.g. corticoids, biological therapy).
  • Major medical/surgical/psychiatric condition requiring ongoing management. Minor well controlled conditions (i.e. medically controlled arterial hypertension, occupational asthma) may be present.
  • Major diagnosis known to chronically affect gut microbiota (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease, liver cirrhosis, colon carcinoma, systemic sclerosis).
  • Current diagnosis of a hematological disorder (e.g. severe anemia with hemoglobin <7 g/dl, leukemia) or any other absolute contraindication for blood donation.
  • Participation in other clinical study interfering with study procedures.
  • Inability to understand study procedures in order to provide inform consent.
  • Previous participation in the same study.

Trial design

40 participants in 3 patient groups

Non-typhoid Salmonella infection
Description:
Patients with a non-typhoid Salmonella infection. Blood samples, stool samples and clinical information will be collected.
Treatment:
Other: Blood samples
Other: Clinical information
Other: Stool samples
Acute, infectious diarrhea
Description:
Patients with acute, infectious diarrhea without non-typhoid Salmonella infection. Blood samples, stool samples and clinical information will be collected.
Treatment:
Other: Blood samples
Other: Clinical information
Other: Stool samples
Healthy individuals
Description:
Healthy individuals with no symptoms of acute or chronic diarrhea. Blood samples, stool samples and clinical information will be collected.
Treatment:
Other: Blood samples
Other: Clinical information
Other: Stool samples

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Benjamin Misselwitz, PD Dr.med.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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