Interactions Between Neurostimulation and Physical Exercise

B

Bronx VA Medical Center

Status

Withdrawn

Conditions

Spinal Cord Injuries
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Treatments

Device: Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation
Device: Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise
Device: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT03076632
HAR-16-042

Details and patient eligibility

About

People with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have reduced connections in the nerve circuits between the brain and the hands. Activating spared nerve circuits is one potential way to improve recovery. The investigators are testing different combinations of physical wrist and hand movements paired with magnetic brain stimulation and electrical spinal cord or nerve stimulation to see the effects on nerve transmission to hand muscles. This is a preliminary study. This study is testing for temporary changes in nerve transmission to hand muscles. There is no expectation of long-term benefit from this study. If temporary changes are seen in this study, then future studies would focus on how to prolong that effect.

Full description

Spinal cord injury (SCI) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) result in a mixture of destroyed, damaged, and spared neural circuits. Activating spared nerve circuits augments neural transmission. With this goal in mind, the investigators recently developed a novel method of cervical electrical stimulation (CES) to noninvasively activate arm and hand muscles. The investigators are conducting a pilot clinical study (NCT02469675) to establish CES safety in subjects with cervical SCI, ALS, and non-disabled volunteers. To date, 19 subjects have undergone >120 CES sessions without major safety or tolerability issues. The current study is designed to gain further mechanistic insight. In Aim 1, the investigators will test in more detail how CES (traveling through spinal and peripheral circuits) interacts with individual pulses of TMS (traveling through corticospinal circuits). In Aim 2, the investigators will further test CES's therapeutic potential by combining stimulation with simultaneous physical exercises. In Aim 3, the investigators will compare the acute effects on synaptic transmission of passive stimulation to stimulation triggered by the subject's own muscle activity. Please note, this is a preliminary study. This study is testing for temporary changes in nerve transmission to hand muscles. There is no expectation of long-term benefit from this study. If the investigators see temporary changes in this study, then future studies would focus on how to prolong that effect.

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age between 21 and 65 years;
  • Chronic (more than 12 months since injury) incomplete SCI between levels C2-C8 or diagnosis of definite or probable ALS;
  • Incomplete weakness of left or right hand muscles: score of 2, 3, or 4 (out of 5) on manual muscle testing of finger extension, finger flexion, or finger abduction;
  • Detectable F-wave responses of the left or right abductor pollicis brevis muscle to median nerve stimulation.

Exclusion criteria

  • Multiple spinal cord lesions;
  • History of seizures;
  • Ventilator dependence or patent tracheostomy site;
  • Use of medications that significantly lower seizure threshold, such as tricyclic antidepressants, amphetamines, neuroleptics, dalfampridine, and bupropion;
  • History of stroke, brain tumor, brain abscess, or multiple sclerosis;
  • History of moderate or severe head trauma (loss of consciousness for greater than one hour or evidence of brain contusion or hemorrhage or depressed skull fracture on prior imaging);
  • History of implanted brain/spine/nerve stimulators, aneurysm clips, ferromagnetic metallic implants, or cardiac pacemaker/defibrillator;
  • Significant coronary artery or cardiac conduction disease;
  • Recent history (within past 6 months) of recurrent autonomic dysreflexia, defined as a syndrome of sudden rise in systolic pressure greater than 20 mm Hg or diastolic pressure greater than 10 mm Hg, without rise in heart rate, accompanied by symptoms such as headache, facial flushing, sweating, nasal congestion, and blurry vision (this will be closely monitored during all screening and testing procedures);
  • History of bipolar disorder;
  • History of suicide attempt;
  • Active psychosis;
  • Heavy alcohol consumption (greater than equivalent of 5 oz of liquor) within previous 48 hours;
  • Open skin lesions over the face, neck, shoulders, or arms;
  • Pregnancy
  • Unsuitable for study participation as determined by study physician.

Trial design

0 participants in 3 patient groups

Non-disabled volunteers
Active Comparator group
Description:
Volunteers without neurological injury. Interventions: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation
Treatment:
Device: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation
Device: Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise
Device: Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation
Spinal cord injury
Active Comparator group
Description:
Volunteers with motor-incomplete cervical spinal cord injury. Interventions: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation
Treatment:
Device: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation
Device: Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise
Device: Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Active Comparator group
Description:
Volunteers with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Interventions: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation
Treatment:
Device: Cervical plus transcranial stimulation
Device: Cervical stimulation plus hand/wrist exercise
Device: Electromyographic (EMG)-triggered (closed-loop) stimulation

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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