Interfant-21 Treatment Protocol for Infants Under 1 Year With KMT2A-rearranged ALL or Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia


Princess Maxima Center for Pediatric Oncology

Status and phase

Phase 3


Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia


Drug: Blinatumomab

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study is a treatment protocol with blinatumomab for infants under 1 year old who are diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia with a specific unfavorable genetic alteration. The purpose of the study is to improve the outcome of this disease in infants.

Full description

All infants that are eligible for this study and for whom the parents/legal representatives give informed consent will be enrolled in this study. All patients will receive one cycle of blinatumomab on top of the standard treatment backbone after induction therapy. Medium risk patients, that respond well to the 1st cycle will be treated with a 2nd cycle of blinatumomab replacing one chemo course after consolidation therapy. If they do not respond well enough they will be treated according to the current treatment standard. Minimal residual disease will be used to determine the response to blinatumomab. High risk patients will be eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation after the first blinatumomab cycle if they are Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) negative (defined as < 0.01%). Also medium risk patients with insufficient MRD response after induction or after the 1st cycle of blinatumomab will be allocated to high risk treatment and will be eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation.


160 estimated patients




1 to 365 days old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Patients with newly diagnosed B- precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or B- cell mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (revised 4th edition 2017, with KMT2A-rearrangement.
  2. ≤365 days of age at time of diagnosis of ALL
  3. Written informed consent of the parents or other legally authorized guardian of the patient according to local law and regulations.

Exclusion criteria

  1. KMT2A-germline patients
  2. T-ALL
  3. Age > 365 days at the time of diagnosis
  4. Relapsed ALL
  5. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids (equivalent prednisone >10 mg/m2/day) for more than one week and/or any chemotherapeutic agent in the 4-week interval prior to diagnosis. Patients who received corticosteroids by aerosol are eligible for the study.

Additional exclusion criteria for blinatumomab:

  1. CD19 negative B-precursor ALL at diagnosis
  2. CNS involvement (CNS2/CNS3 status) at the EOI. Patients with CNS disease at the time of diagnosis are eligible if CNS1 status is achieved prior to the start of the first blinatumomab cycle (lumbar puncture at ~day 33 of induction).
  3. Proven hypersensitivity to the active substance or any of the excipients in blinatumomab.
  4. Patients who have received a live vaccine 28 days prior to blinatumomab administration or plan to receive a live vaccine prior to B-cell recovery after the last dose of blinatumomab.

If exclusion criteria for blinatumomab are met, the patient should be treated according to the protocol but without blinatumomab.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Sequential Assignment


None (Open label)

160 participants in 2 patient groups

Medium Risk (MR)
Other group
Subject is defined as MR if > 6months of age at diagnosis, OR < 6 months of age with White Blood cell Count (WBC) < 300 at diagnosis and good prednisone response. Subject gets 1st cycle of blinatumomab. If MRD is >0.01%, after 1st cycle of blinatumomab, subject will be allocated to HR treatment from that phase, and will be eligible for HSCT. If MRD is undetectable or < 0.01% after the 1st cycle of blinatumomab (TP2) patient will be eligible for replacement of MARMA by 2nd cycle of blinatumomab after receipt of lymphoid style consolidation (Protocol IB) or of myeloid style consolidation (ADE/MAE).
Drug: Blinatumomab
Drug: Blinatumomab
High risk (HR)
Other group
Subject is defined as HR if < 6 months of age with WBC > 300 at diagnosis OR poor prednisone response. Also MR patients with end of induction MRD ≥ 1%, or MRD > 0.01% after the 1st cycle of blinatumomab, will be allocated to HR treatment. Subject gets 1 cycle of blinatumomab. Thereafter patient is eligible for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with or without experimental therapy in an investigational window.
Drug: Blinatumomab
Drug: Blinatumomab

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Peggy Scholte-Van Houtem; Lieke van den Wildenberg

Data sourced from

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems