Intermittent G-CSF in Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Adjuvant Docetaxel, Doxorubicin, and Cyclophosphamide (TAC)


Asan Medical Center

Status and phase

Phase 2


Breast Cancer
Febrile Neutropenia


Drug: Peg-filgrastim
Drug: Filgrastim

Study type


Funder types



AMC 2015-1143

Details and patient eligibility


To compare the efficacy and safety of Day 2 (D2) once a cycle pegfilgrastim with Intermittent Every Other Days of 5 Shot (D3-11) filgrastim in early breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant Docetaxel, Doxorubicin, and Cyclophosphamide (TAC) regimen

Full description

According to manufacturers' recommendations (Amgen: Neupogenᵀᴹ), filgrastim are to start 24 hrs after the last dose of chemotherapy and continue until absolute neutrophil count (ANC) has recovered to within the normal range (or for 14 days). However, for economic and practical reasons and/or patient's convenience, it has been common practice to initiate filgrastim at a later days of cycle and/or administer a shorter course of treatment. Data from several clinical studies have shown that 10-11 days' filgrastim treatment is required for optimal prophylaxis for febrile neutropenia (FN), and data from other cancers shows that suboptimal use of G-CSFs could deteriorate clinical outcomes. However, in two recent randomized study with breast cancer patients undergoing TAC chemotherapy, acceptable incidence (7-18%) of FN was shown with the consecutive 6 or 7-daily filgrastim schemes. Also, although there is theoretical concern that there can be wide fluctuations in the patient's ANC over time in alternate or intermittent filgrastim administration, because there was no difference in clinical outcomes between daily- or intermittent-dose filgrastim schedules in previous literatures, the intermittent every other day of 5 shot-filgrastim scheme would have clinical outcomes comparable with previous consecutive 6 or 7-daily filgrastim schemes in coverage of ANC nadir. Therefore, it can be justified to investigate the non-inferiority of intermittent every other days of 5 shot-filgrastim scheme compared with control arm using of pegfilgrastim on D2.


22 patients




19 to 70 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • The patients who underwent surgery for pathologically diagnosed early breast cancer (high risk stage II or stage III) or completely resected stage IV, and anticipated to undergo adjuvant chemotherapy with TAC regimen (docetaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide)
  • The patients satisfying laboratory findings below before the enrollment of clinical trials: A. Absolute Neutrophil Count(ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm³; B. Platelet Count ≥ 100,000/mm³; C. Adequate renal functions (Cr < 1.5 X ULN); and D. Adequate liver function (Bilirubin < 1.5 X ULN, AST/ALT < 2.5 X ULN)
  • ECOG Performance status: 0-1
  • Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50% as measured by MUGA or 2D echocardiography without clinically significant abnormalities
  • Voluntarily participated in this study, and written informed consent of the patient

Exclusion criteria

  • Past history of immunotherapy or chemotherapy
  • Past history of autologous stem cell transplantation or bone marrow transplantation
  • The patient undergone radiation therapy within 4 weeks after written informed consent
  • Patient with any other concurrent malignancies or who are currently cured with past history within 5 years (excluding completely resected stage I early skin cancer)
  • Pregnant or lactating women, women of childbearing potential not employing adequate contraception
  • Other serious illness or medical conditions inadequate to chemotherapy: A. Unstable cardiac disease (i.e. congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, symptomatic coronary artery disease) despite treatment, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to study entry; B. History of significant neurological or psychiatric disorders including dementia or seizures; Active uncontrolled infection (viral, bacterial or fungal infection); and D. Other serious medical illnesses
  • Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or its ingredients
  • Concomitant administration of any other experimental drug under investigation, or concomitant chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or immunotherapy.
  • Past history of usage of granulocyte-colony stimulating factors
  • Patients with a known history of HIV (+) or HCV (+). However, HBV(+) patients who undergo primary prophylaxis are eligible.
  • Other serious illness or medical conditions determined by investigator

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

22 participants in 2 patient groups

A. Pegfilgrastim
Active Comparator group
D2 once a cycle pegfilgrastim arm
Drug: Peg-filgrastim
B. Filgrastim
Experimental group
Intermittent Every Other Days of 5 Shot (D3-11) filgrastim arm
Drug: Filgrastim

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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