Interstitial Brachytherapy With or Without External-Beam Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

R

Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Treatments

Radiation: Brachytherapy (100/110)
Radiation: Brachytherapy (125/145)
Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NETWORK
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00063882
NCI-2009-01091 (Registry Identifier)
CDR0000288823
RTOG 0232

Details and patient eligibility

About

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other sources to damage tumor cells. Interstitial brachytherapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. Combining interstitial brachytherapy with external-beam radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether interstitial brachytherapy is more effective with or without external-beam radiation therapy in treating prostate cancer. PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of interstitial brachytherapy with or without external-beam radiation therapy in treating patients who have prostate cancer.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: Compare the 5-year freedom from progression in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer treated with interstitial brachytherapy with or without external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Compare biochemical (i.e., prostate-specific antigen) failure, biochemical failure by the Phoenix definition, disease-specific survival, local progression, and distant metastases in patients treated with these regimens. Compare morbidity and quality of life of patients treated with these regimens. Determine the feasibility of collecting Medicare data in a large Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) prostate cancer clinical trial for cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis of combined treatment with interstitial brachytherapy and EBRT. Prospectively collect diagnostic biopsy samples from these patients for future biomarker analyses. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (T1c vs T2a or T2b), Gleason score (≤ 6 vs 7), prostate-specific antigen (< 10 ng/mL vs 10-20 ng/mL), and prior neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients undergo external beam radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks. Within 2-4 weeks of radiotherapy, patients undergo interstitial brachytherapy with iodine I 125 or palladium Pd 103 seeds. Arm II: Patients undergo interstitial brachytherapy only, as in arm I. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, at 4, 12, and 24 months, and then annually for 3 years. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 3-5 weeks, at 4, 6, 9, and 12 months, every 6 months for 4 years, and then annually thereafter.

Enrollment

588 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

18 to 120 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

T1c-T2b, N0, M0

Intermediate-risk disease, as defined by 1 of the following:

  • Gleason score < 7 AND prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 10-20 ng/mL
  • Gleason score 7 AND PSA < 10 ng/mL
  • No evidence of distant metastases
  • Prostate volume ≤ 60 cc by transrectal ultrasonography
  • American Urological Association voiding symptom score no greater than 15 (alpha blockers allowed)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

18 and over

Performance status

Zubrod 0-1

Life expectancy

Not specified

Hematopoietic

Not specified

Hepatic

Not specified

Renal

Not specified

Other

  • Patients must use effective contraception
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ at any other site
  • No major medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude study therapy
  • No hip prosthesis

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

Not specified

Chemotherapy

No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

Prior neoadjuvant hormonal therapy allowed provided the following are true:

  • Therapy was initiated within 2-6 months of study enrollment
  • Therapy was no more than 6 months in duration
  • Use of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (e.g., finasteride) is discontinued before registration
  • No concurrent hormonal therapy

Radiotherapy

No prior pelvic radiotherapy

Surgery

  • No prior radical surgery for prostate cancer
  • No prior transurethral resection of the prostate
  • No prior cryosurgery

Other

  • No prior transurethral needle ablation of the prostate
  • No prior transurethral microwave thermotherapy of the prostate

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

588 participants in 2 patient groups

EBRT + Brachytherapy
Experimental group
Description:
External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and transperineal interstitial permanent brachytherapy (100/110)
Treatment:
Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy
Radiation: Brachytherapy (100/110)
Brachytherapy Only
Active Comparator group
Description:
Transperineal interstitial permanent brachytherapy (125/145)
Treatment:
Radiation: Brachytherapy (125/145)

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

170

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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