Intralesional Vitamin D3 Versus Intralesional Acyclovir in Treatment of Plantar Warts


Assiut University


Not yet enrolling


Plantar Wart


Drug: Vitamin D
Drug: acyclovir

Study type


Funder types



vitamin D3, acyclovir in warts

Details and patient eligibility


To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of intralesional acyclovir versus intralesional vitamin D3 in the treatment of plantar warts

Full description

Introduction Warts are common epidermal growths caused by various strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) affecting all age groups. They have an unsightly appearance and are mostly asymptomatic but sometimes may be painful as in the case of palmoplantar warts . Plantar warts is a clinical variant that occur on sole of the foot, most frequently over pressure points . It is estimated that 40% of population is infected with HPV, and in 7% to 12%, a wart develops . Plantar warts exhibit an annual incidence of 14% in the general population . Sixty-five percent to 78% of cutaneous warts have been shown to regress within 2 years . In persons older than 12 years, the rate of spontaneous regression significantly decreases . Variable therapeutic options are available for treating warts, with none considered a gold standard. Primary treatments include topical salicylic acid, topical imiquimod, topical 5-fluorouracil, cryotherapy, excision, electrocautry and laser vaporization . Vitamin D is a fat-soluble steroid prohormone that has wide range of biological actions e.g. inhibition of cellular proliferation, induction of terminal differentiation, and inhibition of angiogenesis. It also stimulates macrophages and cathelicidin production . Recently, several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of intralesional vitamin D in treatment of warts, as well as recalcitrant lesions, with clearance rates of 72.5%-90% . Acyclovir is a synthetic purine nucleoside analogue with activity against some viruses as herpes simplex and varicella-zoster virus. Acyclovir uses viral thymidine kinase to convert to its active form, acyclovir triphosphate. Through this mechanism of utilizing viral thymidine kinase, acyclovir specifically targets viral DNA preventing its replication in the host. Previously, few studies and case reports documented the clearance of warts, some were unresponsive to prior treatment, with both topical and oral use of acyclovir . A recent study has evaluated the efficacy of intralesional acyclovir versus intralesional saline in treatment of warts and reported complete clearance rate of 52.6% and a partial response of 16.7% for acyclovir with a statistically significant difference from saline (0% complete clearance) .


44 estimated patients




12 to 70 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Adult participants of both sex with plantar warts will be included in the study

Exclusion criteria

    • Children < 12 years.
  • Pregnant and lactating women.
  • Receiving any treatment for warts within 1 month before the study.
  • Systemic antiviral medication.
  • Previous history of vitamin D or acyclovir hypersensitivity.
  • Vitamin D supplementation.
  • Concurrent other skin disorders.
  • Immunosuppressive disorders or receiving immunosuppressive drugs.
  • Receiving drugs that may alter vitamin D level including prednisone, orlistat, phenytoin and thiazide diuretics.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

44 participants in 2 patient groups

group 1
Active Comparator group
this group will be intralesionaly injected with vitamin D3
Drug: Vitamin D
group 2
Active Comparator group
this group will be intralesionally injected with acyclovir
Drug: acyclovir

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

maha m mostafa, MD; maha m mostafa, MD

Data sourced from

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