Investigation of the Effects of Kinesio Taping and Manual Therapy in Patients With Bruxism


Gazi University






Procedure: Manual Therapy
Procedure: Kinesio Taping

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Bruxism is defined as a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by tooth grinding or clenching accompanied with wearing of the teeth, and jaw muscle discomfort in the absence of a medical disorder . Bruxism has two distinct circadian manifestations: it can be nocturnal or diurnal. Hypertrophy of the masseter muscle is an objective sign of bruxism. Additionally, fatigue or stiffness in the masticatory muscles, pain in the temporomandibular joint or headaches are subjective signs of bruxism. According to literature, 85% to 90% of the general population experience episodes of bruxism during their lives. Thus, finding an effective treatment method for bruxism is crucial.The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of two different physiotherapy approaches on the masseter muscle thickness and stiffness in patients with Bruxism.

Full description

There is no certain treatment for Bruxism. However, the most recent recommendation is to follow the Multiple-P approach prior to medical drug regimens and invasive procedures. Different methods used in the conservative management of Bruxism are known as the "multiple-P" approach, which consists of; physiotherapy, plates, pep talk, pills and psychology . Physiotherapy generally focuses on two objectives: decreasing the adverse effects of bruxism to the masticatory muscles and increasing self-awareness regarding this habit. These studies involve different intervention such as massage of the masticatory and cervical muscles, electrotherapy, therapeutic exercises, taping interventions or relaxation therapies . However, literature regarding which physiotherapy intervention is the most effective in bruxism is not clear. Therefore patients in this study were randomly divided into one of two groups; manual therapy or kinesio taping. All patients were assessed at baseline, received 4 weeks of treatment and were assessed following the 4 weeks.


32 patients




18 to 65 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • A Bruxism Diagnosis according to the criteria of the international classification for sleep disorders
  • Self-report of awake bruxism

Exclusion criteria

  • Having more than 2 missing teeth
  • The presence of removable partial dentures
  • Having neurological, psychiatric or motor disorders
  • Having any ongoing dental or physical therapy
  • Active cancer

Trial design

32 participants in 2 patient groups

Manual Therapy
Experimental group
Manual Therapy is a widely used physiotherapy modality which is known to be effective in the management of musculoskeletal problems . Manual Therapy is a passive, therapeutic approach used to target a variety of anatomical structures with the intent to create beneficial changes in the amount of pain a patient experiences. Manual Therapy includes joint mobilization, manipulation, or treatment of the soft tissues and is widely used to break fibrous adhesions, restore normal range of motion, reduce local ischemia, stimulate synovial fluid production, and reduce pain .
Procedure: Manual Therapy
Kinesio Taping
Experimental group
Kinesio tape is a type of elastic therapeutic tape that was developed which is used in many different situations with various aims. Advocates of Kinesio Tape state that it may promote different therapeutic objectives such as; improved circulation and lymphatic drainage, pain inhibition, reduction of delayed onset of muscle soreness or improvement in performance and coordination .
Procedure: Kinesio Taping

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