Irofulven in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Recurrent Colorectal Cancer

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The University of Chicago

Status and phase

Phase 2


Colorectal Cancer


Drug: irofulven

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of irofulven in treating patients with metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the objective response rate of patients with metastatic or locally recurrent adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum treated with 6-hydroxymethylacylfulvene (MGI-114). II. Determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen in this patient population. III. Study pharmacokinetics of MGI-114 in these patients. IV. Determine the relationship between pharmacokinetics of MGI-114 and clinical outcomes including toxicity and response to therapy in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open label, multicenter study. Patients receive 6-hyroxymethylacylfulvene (MGI-114) IV over 5 minutes daily for 5 days. Courses are repeated every 4 weeks. Treatment continues for a minimum of 2 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxic effects or disease progression. Patients are followed until death. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 14-35 patients will be accrued for this study within 6-12 months.




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed metastatic or locally recurrent adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum Bidimensionally measurable disease Lesions seen on colonoscopic examination or barium studies, bone metastases, CNS lesions, CEA levels and ascites are not considered measurable No CNS disease only CNS metastases with other sites of measurable disease allowed provided appropriate therapy for CNS metastases has been administered and patient is neurologically stable and does not require intravenous steroid or anticonvulsant therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 OR Zubrod 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 (no platelet transfusion within 7 days) Hemoglobin at least 9.0 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Transaminases no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No significant uncontrolled medical or psychiatric illness No serious active infection No other active malignancy except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix unless adequately treated and less than 30% risk of relapse

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent prophylactic use of growth factors except for documented febrile neutropenia or sepsis Chemotherapy: At least 12 months since prior fluorouracil based adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy No more than 1 prior regimen No prior chemotherapy for advanced metastatic colorectal cancer No other concurrent chemotherapy No concurrent investigational antineoplastic drugs Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No prior radiotherapy to the only site of measurable disease No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: See Disease Characteristics At least 30 days since prior investigational drug

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

0 participants in 1 patient group

Arm A
Experimental group
MGI-114 (11mg/m2/day x 5 days every 28 days)
Drug: irofulven

Trial contacts and locations



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