Is Adding E2 to P4 Luteal Support In High Responder Long Gn-RH Agonist ICSI Cycles Detrimental to Outcome? RCT


Mansoura Integrated Fertility Center






Drug: estradiol plus progesterone 100 mg IM injection
Drug: Progesterone IM of 100 mg

Study type


Funder types



E2 luteal support in ICSI

Details and patient eligibility


Study if supporting luteal phase of high responder (high egg production or high Estradiol level) long Gn_Rh agonist protocol ICSI/IVF cycle by combined Estradiol and progesterone impairs or improves outcome in terms of pregnancy and implanation rates.

Full description

The role of estradiol (E2) luteal support is still debated after more than a decade of use. Two recent met analyses (Gelbaya et al 2008) &(Jee et al 2010)( ) has shown that the addition of E2 to P4 for luteal phase support in IVF/ICSI cycles has no beneficial effect on pregnancy rates. However they commented that the data in the literature are, limited and heterogeneous, precluding the extraction of clear and definite conclusions. Previous met analysis ( Pritts and Atwood 2002 ) and an update (Fatemi et al 2007 ) and subsequent randomized trials ( Ghanem et al 2009 , Var et al 2011 ) reported beneficial effects of adding E2 to luteal P4 support. Recent retrospective studies have shown that high response in terms of excess egg production ( >15 . ) and or high E2 (Chen et al 2007,Kyrou et al 2009, Sunkara 2011 ) are detrimental to cycle outcome. This prospective randomized trial aims to study whether adding E2 to P4 luteal support in high ovarian responders is detrimental to cycle outcome or not --------------- Gelbaya TA, KyrgiouM, Tsoumpou I, Nardo LG. The use of estradiol for luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperminjec- tion cycles: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fertil Steril 2008;90: 2116-25. Jee BC, Suh CS, Kim SH, Kim YB, Moon SY. Effects of estradiol supplementation during the luteal phase of in vitro fertilization cycles: a meta-analysis Fertil Steril. 2010 Feb;93(2):428-36 Pritts EA, Atwood AK. Luteal phase support in infertility treatment: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Hum Reprod 2002;17:2287-99 Fatemi HM, Popovic-Todorovic B, Papanikolaou E, Donoso P,Devroey P. An update of luteal phase support in stimulated IVF cycles.Hum Reprod Update 2007;13:581. Ghanem M E., Ehab E. Sadek, Elboghdady L. A.. Helal A S, Gamal Anas, Eldiasty A Bakre N I., Houssen M .The effect of luteal phase support protocol on cycle outcome and luteal phase hormone profile in long agonist protocol intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles: a randomized clinical trial , Fertility and Sterility 2009 92: 486-493 Var T, Tonguc EA, Doğanay M, Gulerman C, Gungor T, Mollamahmutoglu L. A comparison of the effects of three different luteal phase support protocols on in vitro fertilization outcomes: a randomized clinical trial. Fertil Steril. 2011 Mar 1;95(3):985-9. van der Gaast, Eijkemans JB, de Boer EJ, Burger CW , van Leeuwen FE, Fauser BCJM , and Macklon NS Optimum number of oocytes for a successful first IVF treatment cycle Reproductive BioMedicine Online 2006 ; 13: 476-480 Sunkara SK, Rittenberg V, Raine-Fenning N, Bhattacharya S, Zamora J, Coomarasamy A. Association between the number of eggs and live birth in IVF treatment: an analysis of 400 135 treatment cycles. Hum Reprod 2011; 26: 1768-1774 Chen QJ, Sun XX, Li L, Gao XH, Wu Y, Gemzell-Danielsson K, Cheng LN Effects of ovarian high response on implantation and pregnancy outcome during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (with GnRH agonist and rFSH). Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86:849-54 Kyrou D., Popovic-Todorovic B., Fatemi H.M1, Bourgain C, Haentjens P., Van Landuyt L., and. Devroey P Does the estradiol level on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin administration have an impact on pregnancy rates in patients treated with rec-FSH/GnRH antagonist? Hum Reprod 2009, 2902-2909,


220 patients




18 to 39 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria

  • age<40 years,
  • first ICSI cycle,
  • third day FSH< 10 mIU/mL,
  • serum E2 level on day of hCG administration <4,000 pg/mL,
  • number of ova obtained >15

Exclusion Criteria:

  • age 40 years or more,
  • basal FSH 10 mIU/mL or more ,
  • eggs retrieved 15 or less ,
  • E2 level on day of hCG administration 4000 or more pg/ mL or more,
  • repeat ICSI , need for PGD, presence of myoma , hydrosalpinx (unless disconnected)

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

220 participants in 2 patient groups

estradiole - progesterone arm
Experimental group
Cases are given estradiole valerate 2mg 3 times /day from day of ovum pick up until the time of pregnancy test two weeks together with daily IM injection of 100 progesterone starting . Single intramuscular 0.1 mg decapeptyl are given on day of transfer
Drug: Progesterone IM of 100 mg
Drug: estradiol plus progesterone 100 mg IM injection
Progesterone only arm
Active Comparator group
Patient are given 100 mg progesterone daily starting on day of pickup plus single dose of decapeptyl 0.1 mg on day of embryo transfer
Drug: Progesterone IM of 100 mg

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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