Isotonic Solutions and Major Adverse Renal Events Trial in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (SMART-MED)

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Vanderbilt University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury
Critical Illness

Treatments

Other: Physiologically-balanced isotonic crystalloid
Other: 0.9% Saline

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02444988
IRB#141349

Details and patient eligibility

About

The administration of intravenous fluids is ubiquitous in the care of the critically ill. Commonly available isotonic crystalloid solutions contain a broad spectrum electrolyte compositions including a range chloride concentrations. Recent studies have associated solutions with supraphysiologic chloride content with hyperchloremia, metabolic acidosis and renal vasoconstriction, acute kidney injury and renal replacement therapy, and increased mortality but no large, randomized-controlled trials have been conducted. SMART-MED will be a large, cluster-randomized, multiple-crossover trial enrolling critically ill patients from the Medical ICU at Vanderbilt University from June 2015 until April 2017. The primary endpoint will be the incidence of Major Adverse Kidney Events in 30 days after enrollment (MAKE30 is the composite of death, new renal replacement, or persistent renal dysfunction at discharge).

Full description

SMART-MED is a large, cluster-randomized, multiple-crossover trial of 0.9% saline versus physiologically-balanced isotonic crystalloids (Lactated Ringers or Plasma-Lyte© A) with regard to the incidence of major adverse kidney events by 30 days in patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit. Between June 2015 and April 2017, all patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit at Vanderbilt University medical center who are 18 years or older will be enrolled. The study will occur in one-month blocks. The ICU will be randomized to an initial fluid group (0.9% saline or physiologically balanced crystalloids). The assigned fluid will be used exclusively for all patients receiving isotonic crystalloid for the duration of the month-long block (except in the presence of pre-specified contraindications). The assigned study fluid will switch at the end of each month-long block such that half of the months are assigned to 0.9% saline and half of the months are assigned to physiologically balance fluid. It is anticipated that around 5,300 patients will be enrolled from the medical ICU during the study period. All aspects of study design, intervention, and data collection will be harmonized with an independent study addressing the same question in the non-medical intensive care units at Vanderbilt University during a similar study period (SMART-SURG). A pre-specified data analysis plan will dictate the harmonized analysis of SMART-MED and SMART-SURG.

Enrollment

5,381 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) at Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Exclusion criteria

Age<18 years old

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

5,381 participants in 2 patient groups

0.9% Saline
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients in an ICU block randomized to physiologically-balanced isotonic fluid will receive 0.9% Saline whenever isotonic intravenous fluid administration is ordered by the treating provider.
Treatment:
Other: 0.9% Saline
Physiologically-balanced
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients in an ICU block randomized to physiologically-balanced isotonic fluid will receive Plasma-Lyte© A or Lactated Ringer's whenever isotonic intravenous fluid administration is ordered by the treating provider.
Treatment:
Other: Physiologically-balanced isotonic crystalloid

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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