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IV Ascorbic Acid in Advanced Gastric Cancer

Sun Yat-sen University logo

Sun Yat-sen University

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 3

Conditions

Gastric Cancer

Treatments

Drug: mFOLFOX6
Drug: ascorbic acid

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03015675
GCV 001

Details and patient eligibility

About

Linus Pauling and Dr Ewan Cameron have published two retrospective studies about using high dose vitamin C to treat cancer patients forty years ago. Their studies have shown that high dose vitamin C usage could significantly prolong overall survival of patients with advanced cancer. Recently, preclinical study has shown that human colorectal cancer cells harboring KRAS or BRAF mutations are selectively killed by high levels of ascorbic acid (AA). High dose of AA impairs tumor growth in Apc/KRASG12D mutant mice. Previous phaseⅠclinical trials have found that high dose (1.5g/kg or 90g/m2) iv AA is well tolerated in cancer patients. This protocol is a phase Ⅲ, study of ascorbic acid (AA) infusions combined with treatment with mFOLOX6 versus mFOLOX6 alone as first-line therapy in patients with recurrent or advanced gastric cancer.

Full description

Linus Pauling and Dr Ewan Cameron have published two retrospective studies about using high dose vitamin C to treat cancer patients forty years ago. Their studies have shown that high dose vitamin C usage could significantly prolong overall survival of patients with advanced cancer. Recently, preclinical study has shown that human colorectal cancer cells harboring KRAS or BRAF mutations are selectively killed by high levels of ascorbic acid (AA). High dose of AA impairs tumor growth in Apc/KRASG12D mutant mice. Previous phaseⅠclinical trials have found that high dose (1.5g/kg or 90g/m2) iv AA is well tolerated in cancer patients. This protocol is a phase Ⅲ, study of ascorbic acid (AA) infusions combined with treatment with mFOLOX6 versus mFOLOX6 alone as first-line therapy in patients with recurrent or advanced gastric cancer.

Enrollment

200 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Age≥18 years, ≤75 years; Histologically proven metastatic adenocarcinoma of stomach (stage 4 disease), unresectable metastatic disease; G6PD status > lower limit of normal; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 to 2; Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks; ANC ≥1,500/mm3; Hemoglobin > 8g/dL; platelet ≥ 100,000/mm3; Laboratory at baseline evaluation for inclusion in the study: creatinine ≤1.5X upper limit [if the creatinine is elevated, but ≤1.5X the ULN, a 24 hour ;creatinine clearance will be obtained, Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (calculated according to Cockroft and Gault)]; Transaminase (AST/ALT) ≤2.5X upper limit of normal and bilirubin levels ≤1.5X upper limit of normal without liver metastasis; Transaminase (AST/ALT) ≤5X upper limit of normal and bilirubin levels ≤1.5X upper limit of normal with liver metastasis; Women of childbearing potential will confirm a negative pregnancy test and must practice effective contraception during the study; Written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

Prior treatment for metastatic disease (adjuvant therapy with fluoropyrimidines +/-oxaliplatin based regimens allowed if stopped 12 months prior to registration on study); Surgery (excluding diagnostic biopsy) or irradiation within 3 weeks prior to study entry; Administration of any investigational drug or agent/procedure, i.e. participation in another trial within 4 weeks before beginning treatment; Concurrent chronic systemic immune therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy (palliative radiation therapy allowed) or hormone therapy not indicated in the study protocol; Brain metastasis (known or suspected); Pregnant or lactating women; Other uncontrolled concomitant illness, including serious uncontrolled intercurrent infection; Known allergy or any other adverse reaction to any of the drugs or to any related compound; Previous (within 5 years) or concurrent malignancies at other sites with the exception of surgically cured or adequately treated carcinoma in-situ of the cervix and basal cell carcinoma of the skin; Patients who are on strong inducers of CYP3A4 which include but are not limited to: Aminoglutethimide, Bexarotene, Bosentan, Carbamazepine, Dexamethasone, Efavirenz, Fosphenytoin, Griseofulvin, Modafinil, Nafcillin, Nevirapine, Oxcarbazepine, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Primidone, Rifabutin, Rifampin, Rifapentine, St. John's wort; Medical, social or psychological condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would not permit the patient to complete the study or sign meaningful informed consent; Organ allograft requiring immunosuppressive therapy; Patients with HIV infection

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

200 participants in 2 patient groups

Ascorbic Acid with mFOLFOX6 group
Experimental group
Description:
Ascorbic Acid with mFOLFOX6 Ascorbic Acid (20g/day, D1-3) every 2 weeks mFOLOX6: Oxaliplatin 85 mg/m² d1 concurrent with Leucovorin 400 mg/m², followed by Bolus 5FU 400 mg/m² , followed by Infusional 5FU 2400 mg/m² over 46 hours, every 2 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: ascorbic acid
Drug: mFOLFOX6
mFOLFOX6 group
Active Comparator group
Description:
mFOLOX6: Oxaliplatin 85 mg/m² d1 concurrent with Leucovorin 400 mg/m², followed by Bolus 5FU 400 mg/m² , followed by Infusional 5FU 2400 mg/m² over 46 hours, every 2 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: mFOLFOX6

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Feng Wang, MD.,PhD.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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