Joints Mobilization Versus Myofascial Release on Diabetic Patients With Painful Heel


Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University




Plantar Fasciitis
Diabetic Foot


Other: Myofascial release (MFR)
Other: Joint mobilization (JM)

Study type


Funder types



plantar heel pain

Details and patient eligibility


Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases stiffness and thickness of foot structures. This may alter the foot's biomechanics and increase plantar pressure distribution, mainly on the forefoot region. Presence of plantar heel pain (PHP) also may alter the foot's rollover mechanism and increase plantar loading in the forefoot as a protective mechanism of pain. The risk of diabetic ulcer formation increases with these restricted ankle range of motion (ROM) and increased foot plantar pressure that may present in DM patient with PHP. The association that has been established previously between limited ankle ROM and PHP leads to a reasonable utilization of joint and soft tissue mobilization in treating diabetic patients with PHP. The aim of this study is to investigate the immediate and short-term effect of a single session of ankle and foot joint mobilization (JM) versus Myofascial release (MFR) on pain intensity, ankle ROM, foot plantar pressure, dynamic and static balance, and functional level of diabetic patients with PHP. The findings of this study will help to understand the effect of these two interventions on diabetic patients with PHP in term of the previously mentioned parameters. This may guide the physiotherapists to choose the best available technique to treat DM patients with PHP, and that may help to reduce the risk of DM foot complications.

Full description

It is a clinical experimental study of 46 controlled diabetic patients (type II) above 30 years with unilateral PHP who will present to physiotherapy screening clinic through the medical referral. The participants will be evaluated then distributed randomly to receive a single session of either JM or MFR followed by an immediate reassessment and a follow-up reassessment after 2 weeks. The assessment will include ankle ROM, pain intensity (visual analog scale), static balance (one leg stance test), dynamic balance (time up and go test), plantar pressure distribution, and functional level (lower extremity functional scale LEFS). Analysis of parametric data will be done using ANOVA for the repeated measure. LEFS score will be calculated using Mann-Whitney U test for nonparametric data. Alpha < 0.05.


46 estimated patients




30+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

1. Controlled diabetic patients (type II) 2. aged above 30 years 3. presented with unilateral plantar heel pain that diagnosed based on the following criteria (pain located at the heel or plantar surface of the mid-foot, morning first steps pain, and increased pain on weight bearing after a period of rest ).

Exclusion criteria

1. ankle or foot deformity. 2. corticosteroids injection in the heel in the past 3 months. 3. neurological disorders, nerve entrapment in lower extremities or peripheral neuropathy (by 10-g monofilament and tuning fork of 128 Hz testing based on American Diabetes Association recommendations. 4. red flags to either the joints mobilization (JM) : (e.g. tumor, fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, severe vascular disease, prolonged steroid use) or the myofascial release (MFR) (e.g. infective conditions) .

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

46 participants in 2 patient groups

Joint mobilization (JM) group
Experimental group
The Maitland mobilization technique will target three main joints of the affected foot in order to facilitate major ankle and foot movements: (1) Talocrural joint Anterior-posterior (AP) mobilization will be performed to enhance ankle dorsiflexion ROM; (2) first metatarsal phalangeal joint (FMTP) AP glide will be performed to facilitate big toe extension ROM; (3) subtalar joint traction will be performed to increase both foot eversion and inversion ROM, and lateral glide will be performed to reinforce inversion ROM.
Other: Joint mobilization (JM)
Myofascial release (MFR) group
Experimental group
The MFR technique will be performed as a direct trigger point release followed by deep soft tissue release for the calf muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) and the plantar fascia .
Other: Myofascial release (MFR)

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Deanship of Graduate Studies

Data sourced from

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems