Ketogenic Diet for Reduction of CNS Oxygen Toxicity in Working Divers

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Duke University

Status

Completed

Conditions

CNS Oxygen Toxicity, Ketogenic Diet

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Ketogenic Diet

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT03433261
Pro00070499

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this research study is to understand the effect of nutritional ketosis on CNS oxygen toxicity in undersea divers. The investigators hope this will provide a starting point to develop methods for improving the safety of Navy divers, warfighters and submariners.

Full description

Participants in the study will undergo a physical exam and testing as well as training on cognitive testing software as part of the screening process. Eligible subjects will be assigned a normal diet or a ketogenic diet (a diet high in fat/protein and low in carbohydrates) for three days before testing. Subjects will be immersed in water to the shoulders, inside a hyperbaric (high pressure) chamber while breathing 100% oxygen at increased atmospheric pressure, and doing cycling exercise. Testing on the cognitive software, as well as blood sampling and physical monitoring will be done while in the chamber. All tests and procedures will be completed again at least one week later with the diet not assigned for the first session.

Enrollment

91 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 50 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Males & females between 18 and 50 years old
  • Able to pedal a bicycle ergometer continuously for 15 minutes
  • Non-smoker
  • No history of cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease, valvular disease, cardiomyopathy or hypertension.
  • No history of lung disease

Exclusion criteria

  • Prolonged QTc on initial ECG
  • Currently pregnant or attempting to become pregnant.

Have a history of:

  • Smoking
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hypertension
  • Seizures
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Psychiatric disorder
  • Previous pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum
  • Hypo or hyperglycemia
  • Diabetes
  • Regularly take any medications which may alter heart rate, blood pressure, neurotransmitter function, mood or affect.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

91 participants in 2 patient groups

Normal Diet
No Intervention group
Description:
The participant will eat their usual diet for at least 72 hrs prior to the experiment, document their diet during that time and be tested for ketone level immediately prior to the experiment.
Ketogenic Diet
Experimental group
Description:
The participant will follow a ketogenic diet for 72 hrs prior to the experiment and consume a ketone supplement 60 minutes prior to the experiment. They will document their diet and be tested for ketone level immediately prior to the experiment.
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Ketogenic Diet

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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