Kinesio Taping Effect on Postural Balance in Elderly

U

University of Franca

Status

Terminated

Conditions

Accidental Falls

Treatments

Device: Kinesio Taping
Device: 3M Micropore

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01933737
UNIFRAN

Details and patient eligibility

About

The elderly population has increased significantly in the last years. The number of falls has also increased due to the decrease of balance. The Kinesio Taping (KT) is a method with the aim to improve muscle physiology, proprioception, coordination and balance. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of KT on postural balance in the elderly. We evaluated 62 elderly with a mean age of 67.98±5.321, female, submitted to the protocol for the application of KT in gastrocnemius muscles of the midfoot and a placebo tape (3M Micropore) in the control group. The application of the tapes was bilateral. Half of the participants (n=31) received KT in the lower limbs, while the control group (n=31) was applied placebo tape. To analysis of posture and balance, we used a force plate to record stabilometric signals. Both groups were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape. The variables used were total displacement in centimeters (cm), amplitude AP (anterior-posterior) and ML (medial-lateral) in centimeters, area (cm²) and speed AP and ML in centimeters for seconds. The experimental protocol was performed in standing posture and the subjects were instructed to stand with feet apart, eyes open to look at the fixed point 1.5 m from force plate in a horizontal direction. It was requested that the elderly maintain the position for a time of 40 seconds to collect data The data were collected immediately post application of tapes and after 48 hours. The data was tabulated, descriptive statistics were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using the GraphPad Prism 4.0 software (Prism, Chicago, IL). The Kolmogorov Smirnov test was used to verify the data distribution. Differences between the means were evaluated using the Student T test for the normally distributed data, and using the Mann-Whitney test for the data not normally distributed. Significance levels were set at p<0.05.

Full description

The Kinesio Taping Group (KTG) was composed of 31 participants that received the application of KT (K-Taping®) on the gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the midfoot. The placebo tape group (PTG) was composed of 31 participants that received the application of a placebo tape (3M Micropore®) on the same muscles of both limbs. The order of application of KT tape and placebo was conducted randomly among the elderly. Before the tape applying the site was cleaned with 70% ethanol for better fixation of the tape and for both groups were determined the application technique in "I" shaped. This technique consist in placing two tapes that format. The first tape was placed along the length of the plantar aponeurosis fixed point in the middle third of the medial gastrocnemius muscle to the metatarsal phalangeal joint. The second tape was also applied in "I" shaped without fixed point was placed around the midfoot arch in the direction of tension lines to assist with the metatarsal arch support.

Enrollment

61 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

60 to 75 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

elderly, gender female

Exclusion criteria

No severe orthopedic diseases

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

61 participants in 2 patient groups

Kinesio Taping Group
Experimental group
Description:
The Kinesio Taping group (KTG) (n = 31 elderly women) were submitted to the protocol of applying Kinesio Taping for gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the median foot. The application of the tapes was bilateral limbs. The subjects were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape.
Treatment:
Device: Kinesio Taping
Placebo tape group
Experimental group
Description:
The placebo tape group (PTG) (n = 31 elderly women) were submitted to the protocol of applying placebo tape (3M Micropore) for gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the median foot in the same way that KTG. The application of the tapes was bilateral limbs. The subjects were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape.
Treatment:
Device: 3M Micropore

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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