Lapatinib Ditosylate in Treating Patients With Unresectable Liver or Biliary Tract Cancer

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Phase 2


Advanced Adult Primary Liver Cancer
Recurrent Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
Recurrent Adult Primary Liver Cancer
Recurrent Gallbladder Cancer
Unresectable Gallbladder Cancer
Unresectable Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
Localized Unresectable Adult Primary Liver Cancer
Adult Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma


Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate

Study type


Funder types



CDR0000420830 (Registry Identifier)
N01CM62207 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
OSU 0447
N01CM62201 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


Lapatinib ditosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. This phase II trial is studying how well lapatinib ditosylate works in treating patients with unresectable liver or biliary tract cancer

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the objective response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) as defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria in each group of patients. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the progression free survival at 6 months. II. To evaluate the toxicity profile of this treatment in each group of patients. III. To evaluate median overall survival, 6 and 12 months survival rates. IV. To assess target-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/EGFR-P protein expression and the genes that regulate the cell cycle and apoptosis, which are either downstream of or cross-talk with the EGFR signaling pathway, to explore their association with clinical outcome. V. To measure expression profile and mutations of genes critical for EGFR and (v-erb-b2 erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2 (ERBB2 signaling pathways with particular relevance to GW572016, and to explore new gene-drug relationships as relating to hepatocellular and biliary carcinomas. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive oral lapatinib ditosylate once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 70 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.


26 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Hepatocellular carcinoma (hepatoma)

      • Child-Pugh classification score ≤ 7
    • Biliary tract carcinoma

  • Surgically unresectable disease

  • Measurable disease

    • At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques OR ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan
  • Fresh tissue or paraffin embedded tissue from tumor blocks available

  • No ampulla of Vater tumors

  • No known brain metastases

  • Performance status - ECOG 0-1

  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100%

  • More than 12 weeks

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3

  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm^3

  • Bilirubin ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

  • AST and ALT ≤ 3 times ULN

  • Albumin ≥ 2.5 mg/dL

  • INR ≤ 1.5 (for patients not receiving an anticoagulant)

  • Live metastases or stable chronic liver disease allowed

  • No current active hepatic or biliary disease except for Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstone

  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL

  • Ejection fraction normal by echocardiogram or MUGA

  • No unstable angina pectoris

  • No cardiac arrhythmia

  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication

  • No gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication

  • No malabsorption syndrome

  • No requirement for IV alimentation

  • No uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)

  • Not pregnant or nursing

  • Negative pregnancy test

  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

  • No significant traumatic injury within the past 3 weeks

  • No active or ongoing infection

  • No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to lapatinib

  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance

  • No other uncontrolled illness

  • No other malignancy within the past 3 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

  • More than 4 weeks since prior biologic therapy

  • More than 4 weeks since prior immunotherapy

  • See Radiotherapy

  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin)

  • No prior cumulative doxorubicin dose > 450 mg/m^2

  • At least 14 days since prior and no concurrent glucocorticoids (e.g., dexamethasone or equivalent [dose > 1.5 mg/day])

  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy

  • More than 12 weeks since prior radiotherapy with or without a fluoropyrimidine as a radiosensitizer (for patients with biliary carcinoma only)

  • No prior surgical procedure affecting absorption

  • More than 3 weeks since prior major surgery

  • Recovered from all prior therapy

  • No more than 1 prior systemic anticancer therapy, including chemoembolization

  • No prior epidermal growth factor receptor-targeting therapy

  • More than 6 weeks since prior cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, ethanol injection, transarterial chemoembolization, or photodynamic therapy AND meets both of the following criteria:

    • Indicator lesion is outside the area of prior treatment OR there is clear evidence of disease progression associated with the sole indicator lesion
    • Edges of indicator lesion are clearly distinct by CT scan
  • At least 7 days since prior and no concurrent H2 inhibitors or proton pump inhibitors

    • Concurrent antacids allowed provided they are administered > 1 hour before and > 1 hour after study drug administration
  • At least 7 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inhibitors, including any of the following:

    • Clarithromycin
    • Erythromycin
    • Troleandomycin
    • Delaviridine
    • Ritonavir
    • Indinavir
    • Saquinavir
    • Nelfinavir
    • Amprenavir
    • Lopinavir
    • Itraconazole
    • Ketoconazole
    • Voriconazole
    • Fluconazole (doses ≤ 150 mg/day are allowed)
    • Nefazodone
    • Fluvoxamine
    • Verapamil
    • Diltiazem
    • Cimetidine
    • Aprepitant
    • Grapefruit and grapefruit juice
    • Bitter orange
  • At least 6 months since prior and no concurrent amiodarone

  • At least 14 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inducers, including any of the following:

    • Phenytoin
    • Carbamazepine
    • Phenobarbital
    • Oxcarbazepine
    • Efavirenz
    • Nevirapine
    • Rifampin
    • Rifabutin
    • Rifapentine
    • Roxithromycin
    • Telithromycin
    • Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort)
    • Modafinil
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients

  • No other concurrent investigational agents

  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy

  • Concurrent oral anticoagulants (e.g., coumadin or warfarin) allowed provided there is increased vigilance in monitoring INR

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

26 participants in 1 patient group

Arm I
Experimental group
Patients receive oral lapatinib ditosylate once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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