Large Artery Occlusion Treated in Extended Time With Mechanical Thrombectomy Trial (LATE-MT)

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The George Institute for Global Health, China

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Acute Ischemic Stroke

Treatments

Procedure: Mechanical thrombectomy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05326932
LATE-MT

Details and patient eligibility

About

A multi-center, prospective, randomized, open-label, adaptive group sequential designed, blinded endpoint assessment (PROBE) clinical trial of endovascular treatment among selected AIS

Full description

The LATE-MT trial aims to determine that compared with standard medical care without MT, performing MT in a time window that exceeds 24 hours after last seen well, is superior on the functional outcome in AIS patients due to LVO who have been carefully selected by clinical and imaging criteria. The secondary aims include comparing with standard medical care without MT, to determine whether performing MT exceeding 24 hours of last known well is safe on the risks of any ICH, sICH, and any SAE. Other secondary aims include early improvement in neurological recovery as measured by NIHSS scores at 7 days; successful recanalization rate; imaging measurements of infarct size at 24-48 hours; death or major disability (mRS 3-6); separately on death and disability (mRS 3-5); HRQoL using Euro-QoL EQ-5D questionnaire; utility-weighted modified Rankin scale scores; duration of hospitalization; residence; and hospital service costs.

Enrollment

382 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Age ≥18 years
  2. Present 24-72 hours of stroke onset or last seen well
  3. Clinical diagnosis of AIS due to anterior circulation LVO (from internal carotid artery (ICA) extracranial segment to middle cerebral artery (MCA) M1 and M2 segment) on brain imaging
  4. National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) ≥6 at randomisation
  5. Viable cerebral tissue on computerized tomography perfusion (CTP) or magnetic resonance imaging perfusion (MRP) assessed: infarct core volume <50mL, mismatch ratio ≥1.8 and mismatch volume ≥15mL
  6. Written informed consent (by patient or proxy, according to local requirements)

Exclusion criteria

Clinical Exclusion Criteria

  1. Considered unlikely to benefit from trial (e.g. advanced dementia, major pre-stroke disability (prior modified Rankins scale (mRS) ≥2), high likelihood of early death), as judged by the responsible treating clinician
  2. Major co-morbid disease that could interfere with outcome assessments and follow-up (e.g. cancer, severe heart failure, kidney failure)
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Unable to undergo a CTP or MRP
  5. Known allergy to iodine, heparin, anaesthesia, or other definite contraindication to receiving endovascular treatment (EVT) procedure
  6. Seizures at stroke onset or before randomization and baseline NIHSS scores cannot be accurately determined
  7. Baseline blood glucose of <50mg/dL (2.78 mmol/L) or >400mg/dL (22.20 mmol/L)
  8. Baseline platelet count <50,000/uL
  9. Known hereditary or acquired hemorrhagic diathesis, coagulation factor deficiency; recent oral anticoagulant therapy with International normalized ratio (INR) >3
  10. Severe, sustained hypertension (systolic blood pressure (BP) >220 mmHg or diastolic BP >120 mmHg)
  11. Presumed septic embolus, suspicion of bacterial endocarditis
  12. EVT attempted after stroke onset
  13. Unlikely to participate in follow-up assessments
  14. Currently participating in another trial that may affect outcomes.
  15. Any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator will pose a significant hazard to the subject if participating in the trial.

Neuroimaging Exclusion Criteria

  1. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), including parenchymal hemorrhage, ventricular hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and subdural/exsanguination
  2. Evidence of intracranial tumor (except small meningioma)
  3. Significant mass effect with midline shift
  4. Aortic dissection
  5. Intracranial stent implanted in the same vascular territory
  6. Any other condition that may affect EVT procedure, like the tortuous vascular path the device is difficult to reach the target position or difficult to recover
  7. Occlusions in multiple vascular territories confirmed on Computerized tomography angiography (CTA)/ Magnetic resonance imaging angiography (MRA) (e.g. bilateral MCA occlusions, or an MCA and a basilar artery occlusion)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

382 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention group
Experimental group
Description:
Mechanical thrombectomy to be initiated as soon as possible after randomisation.
Treatment:
Procedure: Mechanical thrombectomy
Control group
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients assigned to the control group will avoid treating MT and only receive the standard medical treatment according to local guidelines.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Lily Song, PhD; Craig Anderson, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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