Lay Health Workers and Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Chinese Americans

University of California San Francisco (UCSF) logo

University of California San Francisco (UCSF)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Colorectal Neoplasms

Treatments

Behavioral: Nutrition Education + CRC brochure
Behavioral: LHWO about CRC

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00947206
1R01CA138778-01A1

Details and patient eligibility

About

This proposed project seeks to expand understanding of what constitutes a "lay health worker (LHW)," how those characteristics determine the effectiveness of LHWs as health educators on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, and the relationship of those characteristics to a particular community and culture. Using quantitative and qualitative methods and a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, the project will develop and implement a group randomized controlled trial to evaluate LHW effectiveness in promoting CRC screening among Chinese Americans age 50 to 75 with a pilot component to evaluate the role of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) healers as health educators. The investigators will conduct focus groups with community participants to revise training materials developed in a prior pilot project. The investigators will also conduct ethnographic observations of TCM healers and focus groups with their clients to refine the training materials. The investigators will recruit 26 LHWs to be assigned to the intervention arm and 26 to the comparison arm. The LHWs will each recruit 12 participants from their social network for a total of 312 participants in each arm. The intervention group participants will be exposed to 2 LHWO sessions and 2 telephone calls aimed at increasing their CRC screening receipt. The comparison group will receive a bilingual CRC brochure as well as a lecture on healthy nutrition for cardiovascular health and a post-intervention LHWO session on CRC screening. Effectiveness of the intervention will be measured by pre-intervention and post-intervention surveys of community participants' CRC screening behaviors, with validation of self-reports. An additional 10 TCM healers will also participate as LHWs. They will each recruit 12 participants for LHWO. There will be extensive ethnographic observations as well as post-intervention focus groups of LHWO activities, LHWs, and LHWO participants to assess the factors that contribute to effective LHWO. The primary hypothesis is that the increase in the proportion of participants who report ever having had a CRC screening test in the experimental group (LHWO about CRC) will be greater than the increase in the comparison group (nutrition education + CRC brochure).

Full description

The secondary hypotheses are: The increase in the proportion of participants who are up-to-date for CRC screening in the experimental group will be greater than the increase in the comparison group; The increase in the proportion of participants who intend to obtain CRC screening in the next 6 months in the experimental group will be greater than the increase in the comparison group; The increase in the proportion of participants who are aware of CRC screening tests in the experimental group will be greater than the increase in the comparison group; Self-efficacy is a mediator between intervention and receipt of CRC screening. Knowledge is a mediator between intervention and receipt of CRC screening. Gender is a moderator between intervention and receipt of CRC screening. Although the pilot project intervention was effective in both men and women, the sample was too small to determine if there was a gender effect. Based on the extensive literature on LHWO among women, the intervention may be more effective among women than men. Additional secondary hypotheses will apply the primary hypothesis and secondary hypotheses 1-3 to individual CRC tests (FOBT, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy) rather than to the combined outcome.

Enrollment

909 patients

Sex

All

Ages

50 to 75 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • self-identified as Chinese or Chinese Americans
  • age 50 to 75
  • speak a language that the LHW can speak (Cantonese, Mandarin, and/or English)
  • live and intend to stay in SF for at least 12 months
  • have no personal history of CRC
  • have no medical problems preventing them from attending educational sessions
  • willing to participate in a study about health behaviors involving nutrition or CRC screening

Exclusion criteria

  • anyone who does not meet the above criteria
  • those unable to understand informed consent form written in their language
  • those too debilitated to attend educational sessions

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

909 participants in 2 patient groups

LHWO about CRC
Experimental group
Description:
The intervention group participants will be exposed to 2 LHWO sessions and 2 telephone calls aimed at increasing their CRC screening receipt.
Treatment:
Behavioral: LHWO about CRC
Nutrition education + CRC brochure
Active Comparator group
Description:
The comparison group will receive a bilingual CRC brochure as well as a lecture on healthy nutrition for cardiovascular health and a post-intervention LHWO session on CRC screening.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Nutrition Education + CRC brochure

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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