LE as a Marker for Periprosthetic Joint Infection

C

Center for Innovation and Research Organization

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Prosthetic-joint Infection

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: Roche Chemstrip
Diagnostic Test: Semi-quantitative electrochemical leukocyte esterse test strip

Study type

Observational

Funder types

NETWORK

Identifiers

NCT05440032
LE001

Details and patient eligibility

About

Testing and comparison of a novel point-of-care electrochemical assay to detect and help diagnose periprosthetic joint infection on the hip and knee to the standard of care test

Full description

The primary objective of this study is to assess the equivalence of a semi-quantitative electrochemical leukocyte esterase test system and off-label use of the Roche Chemstrip leukocyte esterase (LE) test for the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in synovial fluid from hip and knee joints. In this study, the qualitative outcome of each of the two methodologies for detecting leukocyte esterase enzyme will be compared. The hypothesis of this study is that the two tests will demonstrate equivalence. The leukocyte esterase enzyme level will also be compared to synovial white blood cell count, which will be considered as a secondary reference.

Enrollment

160 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age greater than 18 years
  • Willing and able to sign the informed consent document
  • Subjects presenting with presumed aseptic failure of a prosthetic joint and expected to undergo revision arthroplasty, or subjects presenting with presumed PJI and expected to undergo either DAIR or radical implant resection, and subjects being investigated for PJI having joint aspiration outside of the operating room who may or may not require surgical intervention.

Exclusion criteria

  • Subjects with known active crystalline deposition disease (e.g. gout)
  • Subjects with adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) as a result of corrosion of components or metal-on-metal bearing surface in the hip
  • Subjects with active inflammatory arthropathy (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Subjects undergoing a second-stage re-implantation procedure for PJI
  • Subjects in which standard of care assessments, at a minimum serology (ESR and CRP) and synovial fluid analysis (synovial WBC count, neutrophil percentage, and culture), cannot be performed.
  • Subjects in whom there is an insufficient amount of synovial fluid to perform the required investigational tests.

Trial design

160 participants in 2 patient groups

Synovial fluid testing with semi-quantitative leukocyte esterase test strip
Description:
Using a drop of synovial fluid, sample will be analyzed via the point-of-care device to measure amount of leukocyte esterase in the sample
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: Semi-quantitative electrochemical leukocyte esterse test strip
Synovial fluid testing with Roche Chemstrip
Description:
Using a drop of synovial fluid, sample will be analyzed via a urine test-strip to measure amount of leukocyte esterase in the sample
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: Roche Chemstrip

Trial contacts and locations

8

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Central trial contact

Tiffany Morrison

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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