Leukocyte Function in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

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Imperial College London

Status

Completed

Conditions

Chronic Bronchitis
Emphysema
COPD

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00147082
01-024

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanisms whereby leukocytes are recruited to the lung in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cause tissue destruction. The hypothesis is that in COPD more leukocytes enter the lung and it is these cells that are responsible for the degradation of lung tissue. We, the researchers at Imperial College London, will isolate leukocytes from the blood of patients with COPD, healthy smokers and normal subjects and measure the movement of the leukocytes to chemoattractants. We will examine further, which cell surface receptors are responsible for this trafficking of cells. Furthermore, the differentiation of these cells in vitro will be compared with cells from healthy smokers and normal subjects. Specifically, the expression of enzymes that are responsible for tissue destruction and the cell surface receptors on these cells will be investigated. The objective is to identify the mechanisms whereby leukocytes from COPD patients behave differently to cells from healthy smokers and normal subjects with a view to identify novel targets for drug therapy.

Full description

Chemotaxis experiments will be performed in order to ascertain the migratory characteristics of leukocytes towards specific chemoattractants. Comparisons of cells from different subjects will be compared. In addition, the effects of various pharmaceutical interventions on this mechanism will also be addressed and compared within subject groups. In some experiments, cells will be differentiated in vitro and their cellular expression and regulation of inflammatory mediators and chemoattractants examined. Again comparisons will be made between subject groups and the efficacy of various pharmacological agents on these cells

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 70 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Healthy Non-Smoking Subjects. All normal volunteers will meet the following criteria:

  • Age 21-70 years.
  • No history of respiratory or allergic disease.
  • Normal baseline spirometry as predicted for age, sex and height.
  • Non-smokers.
  • No history of upper respiratory tract infection in the preceding six weeks.
  • Not taking regular medication

COPD Subjects. COPD is diagnosed according to American Thoracic Society, European Respiratory Society and British Thoracic Society guidelines. All COPD volunteers will meet the following criteria:

  • Age between 40-75 years.
  • A smoking history of at least 20 pack years. (1 pack year = 20 packs of cigarettes per day for 1 year)
  • Forced expiratory volume at 1 second : Forced vital capacity (FEV1:FVC) ratio of <0.7, post-bronchodilator FEV1 of <85% predicted, reversibility with inhaled beta2-agonist of <15% of predicted FEV1: all three criteria are required.
  • Current smokers or smokers who had ceased smoking for at least 6 months.
  • No history of exacerbation, oral steroid or antibiotic use within the preceding 6 weeks.
  • Normal serum alpha-1 antitrypsin level.
  • No history of other respiratory or allergic disease.
  • No evidence of atopy on skin prick testing to common aeroallergens (grass pollen, cat hair, house dust mite or Aspergillus fumigatus

Healthy Smokers. All healthy smoking volunteers in trials will meet the following criteria:

  • Age 21-70 years.
  • Smoking history of at least 10 pack years. (1 pack year = 10 packs of cigarettes per day for 1 year).
  • No history of respiratory or allergic disease.
  • Normal baseline spirometry as predicted for age, sex and height.
  • No history of upper respiratory tract infection in the preceding six weeks.
  • Not taking regular medication.

Exclusion criteria

Subjects will not be included in this study if they meet any of the following exclusion criteria:

  • Clinically significant findings in the medical history or on physical examination other than those of COPD in the COPD group.
  • Pregnant women or mothers who are breastfeeding.
  • Subjects who are unable to give informed consent.

Trial design

100 participants in 3 patient groups

COPD
Description:
Patients with COPD - no intervention
Smokers without COPD
Description:
Smokers without COPD - no intervention
Non-smokers
Description:
Non-smokers with no history of respiratory disease - no intervention

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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