Lifestyle Intervention For Liver Transplantation (LIFT)


Newcastle-upon-Tyne Hospitals NHS Trust




Liver Disease


Behavioral: Behavioural intervention

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


(i) To develop a behavioural intervention that supports healthcare professionals to effectively deliver lifestyle behaviour change of patients undergoing liver transplantation (ii) To assess the acceptability and feasibility of the behavioural intervention during routine practice

Full description

BACKGROUND Liver transplantation is the most effective treatment for decompensated chronic liver disease and is associated with improvements in life expectancy and quality of life(1). Recent advances in immunosuppressive therapy; greater surgical and anaesthetic expertise and optimised risk assessment procedures have shown to be associated with improvements in 90 day, 1 and 5 year survival (2). However, non-liver causes of death are on the increase with malignancy (22%), cardiovascular disease (11%), infection (9%) and renal failure (6%) becoming leading causes of death at one year (3) It is well recognised that liver transplantation is associated with the onset of a number of conditions that increase risk of early mortality, including new onset diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia (4,5). These conditions have the potential to be prevented or improved by behavioural intervention targeting health and lifestyle behaviours including physical activity, diet, smoking and medication adherence (6). Lifestyle factors are central to both survival on the waiting list and long-term post transplant survival. Therefore it is important to support patients to make positive and sustainable lifestyle behaviour changes. However, this represents a complex medical challenge because rarely are clinical teams trained to target lifestyle behaviour change in a meaningful/personalised way. AIMS OF THE STUDY The aim is to develop a behavioural intervention that can be used by all medical personnel involved in the care of patients being assessed for transplantation, whilst listed for transplantation and post transplantation to improve long-term outcomes. The intervention will be co-developed by clinicians and patients to ensure it is fit for purpose. Healthcare professionals will be trained to target a range of health and lifestyle behaviours using evidence-based behavioural strategies. It is hoped this will lead to improvements in long-term survival by reducing modifiable risk factors for mortality. OBJECTIVES This study will develop and assess acceptability and feasibility of a multifaceted behaviour change intervention. The intervention will be designed to train healthcare professionals to use behavioural strategies to target key lifestyle behaviours in the context of liver transplantation, and to equip patients with behavioural skills to make positive changes to a range of lifestyle behaviours. In reality, this could be the most cost effective model to be able to enable lifestyle change for transplant patients. These healthcare professionals are front line staff and work with high volumes of transplant patients. PRIMARY RESEARCH QUESTION Is a multifaceted behavioural intervention co-developed by healthcare professionals and patients acceptable and feasible and can it be delivered faithfully during routine clinical practice? Objectives The objectives of this study are:- i) To co-develop an evidence-based, multifaceted behavioural intervention for delivery during routine clinical consultations ii) To develop a training programme that equips clinicians with the knowledge, skills and confidence to deliver a behavioural intervention during routine clinical practice iii) To determine whether the behavioural intervention is acceptable and feasible to both healthcare professionals and patients iv) To assess whether the behavioural intervention can be delivered faithfully during routine clinical practice v) To optimise the behavioural intervention based on feedback from clinicians and patients. vi) To assess whether the intervention impacts positively on clinical outcomes (e.g., blood pressure, HbA1c levels) vii) To inform the design of a large randomised controlled trial if appropriate


40 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Aged ≥ 18 years
  • Undergoing or planned to undergo liver transplant assessment, listed for liver transplantation or have undergone liver transplantation at the Freeman Hospital
  • Willing to participate in the study and able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients who can't speak English and require the use of an interpreter.
  • Those who do not attend the Freeman Hospital for follow up care

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

40 participants in 1 patient group

liver transplant patients
Experimental group
Patients will use a behavioural intervention to assess its usability
Behavioral: Behavioural intervention

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

James Prentis, MBBS

Data sourced from

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