Liver Fat as a Dietary Target of the Chinese Medical Nutrition Therapy (CMNT) Diet for Treating Type 2 Diabetes With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

S

State Key Laboratory of Subhealth Intervention Technology

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes

Treatments

Other: CMNT diet

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05439226
Version 2.0

Details and patient eligibility

About

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) represents a serious public health problem. Patients with T2D and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) demonstrate a poor metabolic profile and increase mortality compared with patients with only NAFLD or T2D. Nutritional intervention is the most basic treatment for T2D. Previous study showed that a Chinese medical nutrition therapy (CMNT) diet, which intermittent use of low-calorie medicinal food, has a glucose-lowering effect in T2D. This study aims to investigate the effect of a Chinese medical nutrition therapy (CMNT) diet accompanied by intermittent energy restriction on reducing liver fat and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with T2D and NAFLD.

Full description

Diet composition of CMNT is a multicomponent Chinese medicinal food, which mainly enriched with whole grains and edible medicine and food homologous (MFH) plants such as Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Momordica Grosvenori, Folium Mori, Radix Puerariae, Fructus lycii, Poria cocos that meets the requirements of a food for special medical purpose. The CMNT group was instructed to consumed the provided CMNT diet consisting of 6 cycles of 5 consecutive days followed by 10 days of ad libitum food consumption. Participants received a 917 kcal/day preprepared human CMNT diet (44.75% carbohydrate, 9.1% protein and 46.15% fat) for 5 consecutive days per cycle. CMNT diet is composed of four ready-to-consume prepared foods including composite nutritional rice, solids beverages, meal replacement biscuit and fruit and vegetable gruel mainly from wholegrains and traditional Chinese medicinal food plants. The intervention lasted for 3 months (6 cycles) and follow-up measurements will be performed in all subjects after 3-months from end of the intervention. The glucose-lowering medication use of participants strictly implemented by their physician according to the diabetes medications management protocol. Treatment-as-usual control group continued to be given standard medication and dietary advice by their physician followed guidelines for the prevention and control of T2D in China.

Enrollment

120 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and NAFLD
  • Age between 18 and 75 years
  • BMI between 18.0 and 35.0 kg/m2
  • Weight stable for at least 3 months prior to the study (gain or loss < 4 kg)
  • Stable treatment for at least 3 months with 1-3 oral antidiabetic medications (with or without insulin therapy), or not yet received antidiabetic medication prior to the beginning of the study
  • Able to give written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Self-reported a food allergy
  • Alcohol abuse in the last 3 months (alcohol intake greater than 20 g per day for women; Alcohol intake for men greater than 40 g per day)
  • Other liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis B and C, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, hemochromatosis, nodular regenerative hyperplasia and focal nodular hyperplasia
  • Scheduled to be hospitalized for any surgical treatment during screening
  • Pregnant or planning of pregnancy during the study
  • Inability, physically or mentally, to adhere the procedures required by the study protocol
  • Level 3 hypoglycemic events (at least 3 times) occurring within the 90 days prior to screening
  • Hospitalization or emergency department visit for hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, lactic acidosis, hyperosmolar nonketotic coma, or diabetes
  • History of cancer within the past 5 years
  • Acute coronary or cerebrovascular event in the past 90 days, or heart failure
  • Hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke within the last 6 months

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

120 participants in 2 patient groups

CMNT diet
Experimental group
Description:
The CMNT group was instructed to consumed the provided CMNT diet consisting of 6 cycles of 5 consecutive days followed by 10 days of ad libitum food consumption. Participants received a 917 kcal/day preprepared human CMNT diet (44.75% carbohydrate, 9.1% protein and 46.15% fat) for 5 consecutive days per cycle
Treatment:
Other: CMNT diet
Usual Care
No Intervention group
Description:
Dietary recommendations based on the Guideline for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in China (2020 edition) as the control group

Trial contacts and locations

3

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Central trial contact

Yang xiao; Luo wu

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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