Local Ablative Therapy for Treatment of Oligoprogressive, EGFR-Mutated, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer After Treatment With Osimertinib

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Lung Neoplasms
Lung Adenocarcinoma

Treatments

Drug: osimertinib
Other: Local Ablative Therapy (LAT)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT02759835
160092
16-C-0092

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background: Some non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC) have a mutation in a gene that makes a protein called EGFR. This particular cancer can be treated with certain drugs such as erlotinib (Tarceva), gefitinib (Iressa) and osimertinib (Tagrisso). But many tumors become resistant to these drugs because of a second mutation. Researchers want to test if adding local ablative therapy (LAT) extends the benefits of the drug, osimertinib. LAT can include techniques such as surgery, radiofrequency ablation, cryotherapy or radiation therapy. Objective: To test if re-taking osimertinib after LAT is safe, tolerable, and effective for people whose NSCLC has progressed after initial treatment with osimertinib. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older with certain types of NSCLC. Participants will be divided into various groups as described below. Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood, urine, and heart tests Tumor scans Eye exam Review of tumor sample. Participants will take the study drug by mouth once a day. They will continue until they can no longer tolerate it or their disease worsens. They will keep a dosage diary. All participants will start each 21-day course with physical exam; blood, urine, and saliva tests; and electrocardiogram. They will have scans every 6 weeks and echocardiogram every 3 months. Groups 1 and 2 will: Start osimertinib right away. Have LAT if their disease progresses and is suitable for LAT. If LAT cannot be performed or LAT consists of a procedure other than surgery, a tumor biopsy will be performed. Re-start osimertinib after LAT, or other treatments if not suitable for LAT. Group 3 will: Have LAT. If LAT consists of a procedure other than surgery, a tumor biopsy will be performed. Start osimertinib after LAT. After participants stop taking the drugs, they will have a final visit. This will include: Medical history Physical exam Blood tests Participants will be called every year for follow-up.

Full description

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have significantly improved the response rate (RR) and survival in patients with tumors harboring EGFR-sensitizing mutations. An invariable consequence of treatment with EGFR-TKIs is the development of acquired resistance. The most common mechanism of resistance observed in approximately 50% of all cases in patients treated with 1st and 2nd generation EGFR-TKIs is the emergence of a secondary mutation (T790M) in exon 20. Osimertinib is a 3rd-generation EGFR-TKI designed to target the T790M mutation, which has shown impressive responses in both first- and second-line settings. Despite these developments, it is almost certain that selection pressure will lead to the emergence of newer clones that are resistant to treatment with osimertinib. One common mechanism of acquired resistance to osimertinib is the generation of EGFR C797S mutation. The use of local ablative therapies for patients who develop limited metastatic disease or oligoprogressive disease on EGFR-TKI therapy is promising. We hypothesize that following local ablative therapy to treat oligoprogressive disease after emergence of resistance, osimertinib can be resumed safely and re-initiation of osimertinib results in additional progression-free survival benefits. Objectives: Determine the safety, tolerability, and efficacy (as assessed by progression free survival (PFS) upon re-initiation of osimertinib following local ablative therapy (LAT) for patients with oligoprogressive disease after treatment with osimertinib Assess mechanisms of acquired resistance to osimertinib Eligibility: Histologically confirmed advanced lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-sensitizing somatic mutations or a germline T790M mutation and no prior EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy (Cohort 1); OR progressive disease after 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI therapy harboring somatic T790M mutation (Cohort 2); or patients with progressive disease after treatment with osimertinib who are eligible for local ablative therapy (Cohort 3). If biopsy for EGFR mutation status confirmation is not clinically feasible, EGFR mutations may be confirmed by circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) analysis using a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) certified assay. Presence of measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 Adequate end organ function If patients are not eligible for LAT, they will be referred for standard of care chemotherapy as per treating physician's discretion. These patients may also be considered for other clinical trials. Design: This is a single-institution, open-label phase II trial of osimertinib treatment in EGFR mutant lung cancer. Eligible patients not previously treated with osimertinib will be treated with osimertinib daily until disease progression. At the time of progression, patients with oligoprogressive disease (no more than 5 sites of progressive disease) will be assessed for LAT. If patients are eligible for LAT, osimertinib will be resumed after LAT and they will be followed for second progression on osimertinib (PFS2). If patients progress at the same site where LAT has been performed before, the progression will be considered to be a result of inadequate ablation and they will be considered for repeat LAT and again re-challenged with osimertinib if clinically feasible. Tumor samples will be obtained at baseline by a mandatory biopsy. At the time of first progression on osimertinib if a patient is eligible for surgery as a form of LAT, then a tissue sample will be obtained for genomic and proteomic studies to identify mechanisms of acquired resistance. For patients who are not eligible for LAT or a form of LAT that is not surgery (radiation, radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation), then a mandatory biopsy will be performed, if clinically safe, to obtain tissue for above studies. Re-treatment will be allowed for a small number of subjects.

Enrollment

37 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

For inclusion in the study subjects should fulfill the following criteria: Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures Patients (male/female) must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age. Patients with histologically confirmed, by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Laboratory of Pathology or by Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA)-certified Next Generation Sequencing or Cobas estimated Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Mutation Test v1/2 at an outside institution, advanced lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-sensitizing somatic mutations or a germline T790M mutation (detected histologically or via circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) analysis using a CLIA assay) with: No prior EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy (Cohort 1) OR -- Progressive disease after 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI therapy harboring somatic T790M mutation (Cohort 2) OR Progressive disease after treatment with osimertinib who are eligible for local ablative therapy (Cohort 3) Presence of measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. In patients with suspected leptomeningeal disease, the diagnosis of leptomeningeal disease should be confirmed by the presence of neurological or imaging signs and/or positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2. No uncontrolled arrhythmia; no myocardial infarction in the last 6 months. Females should not be breast feeding and must have a negative pregnancy test prior to start of dosing if of child-bearing potential or must have evidence of non-child-bearing potential by fulfilling one of the following criteria at screening: Post-menopausal defined as aged more than 50 years and amenorrheic for at least 12 months following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments Women under 50 years old would be consider postmenopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and with luteinizing Hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution Documentation of irreversible surgical sterilization by hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral salpingectomy but not tubal ligation Females of child-bearing potential should use reliable methods of contraception from the time of screening until 3 months after discontinuing osimertinib. Acceptable methods of contraception include total and true sexual abstinence, tubal ligation, hormonal contraceptives that are not prone to drug-drug interactions (IUS Levonorgestrel Intra Uterine System (Mirena), Medroxyprogesterone injections (Depo-Provera), copper-banded intra-uterine devices, and vasectomized partner. All hormonal methods of contraception should be used in combination with the use of a condom by their male sexual partner for intercourse. Male patients should be willing to use barrier contraception. Male patients should be asked to use barrier contraceptives (i.e., by use of condoms) during sex with all of their female partners during the trial and for a washout period of 3 months. Patients should refrain from donating sperm from the start of dosing until 6 months after discontinuing osimertinib treatment. If male patients wish to father children, they should be advised to arrange for freezing of sperm samples prior to the start of osimertinib treatment. Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.

Exclusion criteria

Subjects should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled: Any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1 at the time of starting study treatment with the exception, of alopecia and grade 2, prior platinum-therapy related neuropathy. Treatment with an investigational drug within five half-lives of the compound. Major thoracic or abdominal surgery from which the patient has not sufficiently recovered yet. Untreated and uncontrolled second tumor in the past 2 years. Patients currently receiving (or unable to stop use prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment) medications or herbal supplements known to be potent inhibitors of CYP3A4 (at least 1 week prior) and potent inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) (at least 3 weeks prior) will only be eligible at the PI's discretion. Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension and active bleeding diatheses, which in the investigator's opinion makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial or which would jeopardize compliance with the protocol. Screening for chronic conditions is not required. Patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases who are neurologically unstable. Past medical history of interstitial lung disease (ILD), drug induced ILD, radiation pneumonitis requiring steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active ILD Inadequate bone marrow reserve or organ function as demonstrated by any of the following laboratory values: Absolute neutrophil count <1 x 10(9)/L Platelet count <100 x 10(9)/L Hemoglobin <90 g/L Alanine aminotransferase >2.5 times the 2.1.2.9.4 upper limit of normal (ULN) if no demonstrable liver metastases or >5 times ULN in the presence of liver metastases Aspartate aminotransferase >2.5 times ULN if no demonstrable liver metastases or >5 times ULN in the presence of liver metastases Total bilirubin >1.5 times ULN if no liver metastases or >3 times ULN in the presence of documented Gilbert's Syndrome (unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) or liver metastases Creatinine >1.5 times ULN concurrent with creatinine clearance <30 ml/min (measured or calculated by Cockcroft and Gault equation); confirmation of creatinine clearance is only required when creatinine is >1.5 times ULN Any of the following cardiac criteria Resting corrected QT interval (corrected QT interval (QTc) using Fredericia's formula) > 480 msec Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting electrocardiogram (ECG) (e.g., complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block, second degree heart block) Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in first degree relatives or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval Significant symptomatic congestive heart failure, per principal investigator (PI) judgement. Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the formulated product or previous significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of osimertinib History of hypersensitivity to osimertinib (or drugs with a similar chemical structure or class to osimertinib) or any excipients of these agents Judgment by the Investigator that the patient should not participate in the study if the patient is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions, and requirements

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

37 participants in 3 patient groups

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Naïve Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor *mutated Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Experimental group
Description:
Cohort 1 - Osimertinib followed by LAT followed by osimertinib. Single daily dose of osimertinib until progression. The starting dose of osimertinib will be 80 mg per day for participants without leptomeningeal disease and 160 mg per day for those with leptomeningeal disease at baseline. *including germline T790M mutation
Treatment:
Other: Local Ablative Therapy (LAT)
Drug: osimertinib
EGFR mutated NSCLC Progressed on prior 1st/2nd Generation EGFR TKI therapy &acquired T790M Mutation
Experimental group
Description:
Cohort 2 - Osimertinib followed by LAT followed by osimertinib. Participants may undergo 1 of 3 local ablative procedures after initial progression on osimertinib: surgery, radiotherapy, or radiofrequency ablation.
Treatment:
Other: Local Ablative Therapy (LAT)
Drug: osimertinib
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor mutated Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Progressed on Osimertinib
Experimental group
Description:
Cohort 3 - LAT followed by Osimertinib. Participants may undergo 1 of 3 local ablative procedures after initial progression on Osimertinib: surgery, radiotherapy, radiofrequency ablation. The starting dose of Osimertinib will be 80 mg per day for participants without leptomeningeal disease and 160 mg per day for those with leptomeningeal disease at baseline. Single daily dose of Osimertinib until progression.
Treatment:
Other: Local Ablative Therapy (LAT)
Drug: osimertinib

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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