Long Term Treatment With Zolpidem: Nightly and Intermittent Dosing

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University of Rochester

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Insomnia
Primary Insomnia
Psychophysiologic Insomnia

Treatments

Drug: Sugar Pill
Drug: Zolpidem

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00156533
PI Initiated
11045 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

We want to assess whether "how and when" one takes sleep medication results in similar or different outcomes with respect to symptom relief. We also want to know whether taking medication for a period of time provides continued benefit once the medication is stopped.

Full description

To date, the aggressive treatment (Tx) of chronic insomnia has been evaluated in terms of whether maintenance therapy is possible. While what constitutes maintenance therapy is a matter of debate, there are two studies which show that benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs) 1) are effective when used intermittently for up to 3 months and 2) may be used on a nightly basis for up to 6 months with no loss of efficacy. The significance of the present research is two fold. First, it will allow us to compare the two primary strategies used for long term treat of insomnia (nightly dosing vs intermittent dosing). Second, it will allow an evaluation of the possibility that extended treatment, given careful withdrawal from medication, may yield long term clinical gains. Re: Objective 1: It is widely assumed that intermittent dosing confers increased efficacy. That is, less frequent medication use will extend the duration of time for which the medication is maximally potent. An empirical assessment of this proposition is required. If incorrect, physicians and patients should be encouraged to adopt a more aggressive approach to treatment. If correct, physicians and patients should be encouraged to adopt the intermittent dosing approach to treatment. Re: Objective 2: It is widely assumed that treatment with sedatives (sleep promoting medications) constitutes only palliative care. An empirical assessment of this proposition is required. If correct, physicians and patients should be encouraged to adopt a more aggressive approach to long term treatment. If incorrect, physicians and patients should be encouraged to adopt an approach to treatment that is not currently a standard of practice: extended treatment with a clear plan to taper medication that is designed to maintain the clinical gains that occurred with medication use. We propose to evaluate the above issues in a pilot study of 40 subjects with Primary Insomnia where subjects are randomized to one of 4 conditions: QHS dosing with placebo QHS dosing with 10mg of zolpidem Intermittent dosing with 10mg of zolpidem (3-5 pills per week as needed) Monitor only condition.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

25 to 55 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Ages 25 - 55
  • a stable sleep/wake schedule with a preferred sleep phase between 10:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m.
  • Patients with Primary Insomnia will meet diagnostic criteria for Psychophysiologic Insomnia according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders manual (ICSD).
  • complaint of disturbed sleep must have the following characteristics: >30 minutes to fall asleep, and/or >30 minutes wake after sleep onset time, a total sleep time of no more than 6.5 hours (or a sleep efficiency of less than 85%), a problem frequency of >4 nights/ week and a problem duration >6 months.

Exclusion criteria

  • Unstable medical or psychiatric illness
  • Use of medication that may cause insomnia or may be reduce the effectiveness of zolpidem (e.g. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors(SSRI's), steroids, bronchodilators, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, etc.)
  • symptoms suggestive of sleep disorders other than insomnia
  • polysomnographic data indicating sleep disorders other than insomnia
  • Evidence of active illicit substance use or fitting criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence
  • inadequate language comprehension
  • pregnancy
  • first-degree relatives with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

20 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
QHS dosing with placebo (i.e. nightly dose)
Treatment:
Drug: Sugar Pill
QHS Zolpidem
Active Comparator group
Description:
QHS dosing with 10mg of zolpidem (i.e. nightly dose)
Treatment:
Drug: Zolpidem
Intermittant Zolpidem
Experimental group
Description:
Intermittent dosing with 10mg of zolpidem (3-5 pills per week as needed
Treatment:
Drug: Zolpidem
Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Monitor only condition (no placebo, no drug).

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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