Losartan/Amlodipine on Hemodynamics Parameters and Arterial Stiffness in Arterial Hypertension

C

Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 4

Conditions

Hypertension

Treatments

Drug: Losartan
Drug: Losartan and Amlodipine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03626259
CUCS-INTEC-MV-LOAM-001

Details and patient eligibility

About

Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH) is a disease with a high prevalence in Mexico and worldwide. SAH is associated with an increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, causing cardiovascular disease (CVD), heart failure (HF), as well as chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several of the physiopathological mechanisms observed are: the increase in cardiac output, central aortic pressure (CAP), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and peripheral vascular resistance (PVR), which leads to the generation of damage to the target organ. The identification not only of the peripheral arterial pressure, but also of these hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness would allow a better cardiovascular characterization of the patients. However, the measurements of hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness can vary during the 24 hours from individual to individual by all known mechanisms involved in the regulation of blood pressure such as cortisol, central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, along with the renin angiotensin and aldosterone system, which are usually only measured in a single moment. Generally, the choice of drug in a patient with SAH is based only on the values of peripheral blood pressure at the time of the measurement. The use of oscillometric equipment such as the Mobil-O-Graph 24 allows to the investigators to know the hemodynamic and arterial stiffness behavior during 24 hours; therefore, this could favor the choice of the most appropriate antihypertensive drug, dose and administration time. The use of angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARA II) At1 blockers such as losartan and calcium channel blockers (CCB) for instance amlodipine have shown a reduction in CAP and peripheral blood pressure respectively in patients with SAH. The most prescribed drugs in health units worldwide are enalapril, amlodipine, losartan and atenolol, of which the most used combination is losartan with amlodipine. There are no studies to date that allow investigators to identify the effect of the administration of losartan / amlodipine in a fixed combination form on the hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness of patients with SAH. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of this fixed combination versus losartan on hemodynamic and arterial stiffness parameters based on the behavior of these for 24 hours.

Full description

In the present investigation the investigators expect to know the effect of the administration of losartan / amlodipine in fixed combination versus losartan on hemodynamic parameters and arterial stiffness in patients with arterial hypertension grade 1 and 2. For this purpose the investigators will conduct a double-blind randomized trial, each group will be compose by 14 male and female patients, 40-65 years old, with hypertension, neither with diabetes nor being under triple pharmacological therapy. Randomization will determine who will receive the intervention during an 8- week trial (losartan/amlodipine in fixed combination capsule, 100mg/5mg 1 time daily or losartan capsule 100mg 1 time daily). The clinical findings and laboratory tests include a metabolic profile and biosafety, which will be at baseline and by the 8th week . Body weight, body fat, body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure will be determined during the initial and final visit, in addition to hemodynamics parameters of arterial stiffness like cardiac output, central aortic pressure (CAP), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and peripheral vascular resistance (PVR) by an oscillometric monitoring system via Mobil-O -Graph® 24. Adverse events and adherence to treatment will be documented. Statistical analysis: Mann-Whitney U Test and Wilcoxon exact test. It is considered with significance at p<0.05.

Enrollment

28 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

40 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Diagnosis of hypertension grade 1 or 2 according to the criteria of the American Heart Association (2017)
  • Written informed consent
  • Patients who are undergoing antihypertensive treatment and who, at the trial of the investigator and taking care of the health and safety of the patient, can undergo at least 2 weeks of washing prior to the visit of day 0 (it will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis).

Exclusion criteria

  • Systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥120 mmHg
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Treated with triple pharmacological therapy
  • Untreated thyroid disease
  • Total cholesterol >400mg/dl
  • Triglycerides >400mg/dl
  • Liver enzymes (alt and ast) more tan twice the normal range
  • Glomerular filtration rate <60ml/min (Cockcroft-Gault)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

28 participants in 2 patient groups

losartan and amlodipine
Other group
Description:
Individuals with SAH grade 1 or 2 without triple pharmacological therapy.
Treatment:
Drug: Losartan and Amlodipine
Losartan
Active Comparator group
Description:
Individuals with SAH grade 1 or 2 without triple pharmacological therapy.
Treatment:
Drug: Losartan

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Central trial contact

Fernando Grover Paez, PhD; Fernando Grover Paez, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems