Low Maintenance Dose Ticagrelor Versus Clopidogrel in Diabetes Patients Undergoing PCI (OPTIMUS-6)

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University of Florida

Status and phase

Phase 4


Coronary Artery Disease
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2


Drug: Ticagrelor
Drug: Clopidogrel

Study type


Funder types



ESR 13396

Details and patient eligibility


To date there is very little PD and pharmacokinetic (PK) data on the ticagrelor 60 mg bid dosing regimen. In particular, there is no prospective PK/PD study on this dosing regimen in patients with DM who are known to have impaired response to clopidogrel therapy. Since DM patients frequently require elective PCI due to chronic progression of CAD (and not solely because of an acute thrombotic complication), and clopidogrel remains the guideline recommended P2Y12 inhibiting therapy for these patients, understanding the PD effects of the ticagrelor 60 mg bid regimen in this setting is an unmet clinical need. This is also in light of the ongoing THEMIS trial which is specifically evaluating the impact of the ticagrelor 60 mg bid dosing regimen in type 2 DM patients without a prior major CV event.

Full description

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are characterized by platelet hyperreactivity and reduced pharmacodynamic (PD) effects to several oral antiplatelet agents, including clopidogrel. In addition to the hyperreactive platelet phenotype, impaired drug metabolism as well as increased platelet turnover rates may contributed to impaired clopidogrel-induced antiplatelet effects in DM patients. These observations may contribute to the higher ischemic event rates, including stent thrombosis, observed in DM patients compared with non-DM patients treated with clopidogrel. Ticagrelor is characterized by more prompt, potent and predictable antiplatelet effects compared with clopidogrel and lower ischemic events in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on a background of aspirin therapy. In patients who experienced a prior (1-3 years) myocardial infarction (MI), compared with placebo, ticagrelor 60 mg bid on a background of aspirin therapy also reduced long-term ischemic events, with a mortality benefit observed in DM patients. To date the PD effects of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in DM largely derive from post-hoc assessments or in stabilized patients (e.g. >30 days after PCI), and have not been prospectively evaluated in the context of elective PCI procedures. Moreover, PD studies with the ticagrelor 60 mg bid regimen are limited. Therefore, the aim of this investigation will be to compare the PD effects of a ticagrelor 60 mg bid versus clopidogrel 75 mg od MD regimen in DM patients without a prior major CV event undergoing elective PCI.


40 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures
  • Men or women ≥18 years of age
  • Diagnosed with type 2 DM defined by ongoing glucose lowering drug (oral medications and / or insulin) treatment for at least 1 month
  • Presence of CAD undergoing elective PCI* * Patients will need to be cardiac enzyme-negative prior to undergoing coronary angiography. Patient will need to be on a background of aspirin therapy (treated with a 325 mg LD prior to coronary angiography unless already on chronic low-dose aspirin therapy). Patients on maintenance clopidogrel 75 mg therapy for at least 1 week due to a prior vascular intervention will also be eligible. However, patients on clopidogrel, ticagrelor or prasugrel due to a prior acute major cardiovascular event (MI or stroke) will not be eligible.

Exclusion criteria

  • Previous MI (with the exception of definite non-type 1 MI [eg, due to coronary revascularization procedure, profound hypotension, hypertensive emergency, tachycardia, or profound anemia])
  • Previous stroke (transient ischemic attack [TIA] is not included in the stroke definition)
  • Use of an intravenous antiplatelet therapy (i.e., cangrelor or GPI) during PCI
  • On treatment with clopidogrel, prasugrel, or ticagrelor due to a prior acute major CV event (MI or stroke) (on treatment with clopidogrel due to prior vascular intervention not secondary to a major CV event is allowed)
  • Planned use of aspirin treatment at doses >100 mg od

Anticipated concomitant oral or intravenous therapy with strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic indices that cannot be stopped for the course of the study:

  • Strong inhibitors: ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin (but not erythromycin or azithromycin), nefazadone, ritonavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, atanazavir
  • CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic index: quinidine, simvastatin at doses >40 mg daily or lovastatin at doses >40 mg daily
  • Need for chronic oral anticoagulant therapy or chronic low-molecular-weight heparin (at venous thrombosis treatment not prophylaxis doses)
  • Patients with known bleeding diathesis or coagulation disorder
  • History of previous intracerebral bleed at any time, gastrointestinal (GI) bleed within the past 6 months prior to randomization, or major surgery within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Active pathological bleeding
  • Hypersensitivity to ticagrelor and clopidogrel or any of the excipients
  • Increased risk of bradycardic events (eg, known sick sinus syndrome, second or third degree AV block or previous documented syncope suspected to be due to bradycardia) unless treated with a pacemaker
  • Known severe liver disease (eg, ascites and/or clinical signs of coagulopathy)
  • Renal failure requiring dialysis
  • Known platelet count <80x106/mL
  • Known hemoglobin <9 g/dL
  • Women of child-bearing potential (ie, those who are not chemically or surgically sterilized or who are not post-menopause) who are not willing to use a medically accepted method of contraception that is considered reliable in the judgment of the investigator OR who have a positive pregnancy test at enrolment or randomization OR women who are breast-feeding. If a subject becomes pregnant during the course of the study the investigational product should be discontinued immediately [the outcome of all pregnancies (spontaneous miscarriage, elective termination, ectopic pregnancy, normal birth or congenital abnormality) will be followed up and documented even if the subject was discontinued from the study].
  • Inability of the patient to understand and/or comply with study procedures and/or follow up, in the opinion of the investigator, OR any conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, may render the patient unable to complete the study
  • Life expectancy of less than 1 month based on investigator's judgement
  • Participation in another clinical study with an investigational (defined as non-FDA approved) product within 28 days prior to enrolment
  • Previous randomization in the present study

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Experimental group
180 mg loading dose (LD) followed by a 60 mg bid maintenance (MD) starting 12 h (± 1 h) after the LD
Drug: Ticagrelor
Active Comparator group
600 mg LD followed by a 75 mg od MD starting 24 hours (± 1 h) after the LD
Drug: Clopidogrel

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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