Mainz Registry of Flow-mediated Constriction

J

Johannes Gutenberg University (JGU)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01787370
Flow-MEC

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of the flow-mediated constriction/ FMC-registry is to investigate whether the measurement of endothelial function using flow-mediated dilation and flow-mediated constriction provides on the presence of coronary atherosclerosis and on the prognosis of patients undergoing coronary angiography.

Full description

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a lifelong process resulting from the interaction of many risk factors, environmental influences, and genetic predisposition. Although the collection of medical history and standard risk factors provides essential information, the existence of complex interactions among different risk factors, risk modifications by medical therapy, and inter-individual differences complicate these issues. In the light of these limitations, alternative approaches have been sought, and the non-invasive assessment of endothelial function has been proposed as a possible non-invasive and inexpensive endpoint that could reflect the cumulative cardiovascular burden and/or the responsiveness to therapies at the level of individual patients. A total of 1000 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary angiography will be studied. Patients have chest pain on effort according to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association 2007 Guidelines and/or a pathological exercise or dobutamine stress test. Patients undergoing catheterization for any reason other than stable (suspected) CAD (e.g. for hypertensive crisis associated with troponin elevation, or acute coronary syndromes, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, etc.) will be excluded. Patients with known chronic inflammatory diseases, dialysis, or decompensated/severe heart failure will be also excluded. Blood samples will be drawn from all patients after a fasting period of at least 12 h and will be examined with the use of routine laboratory methods for blood counts, lipid parameters, C-reactive protein, renal and hepatic function. Coronary risk factors were defined as: obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m2); age; smoking (or previous smoking); hyperlipidaemia (total serum cholesterol >220 mg/dL and/or serum triglycerides >200 mg/dL); hypertension (systolic blood pressure >140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg on two consecutive seated measurements or therapy with antihypertensive medication); family history (first-degree relatives with cardiovascular disease); diabetes mellitus (fasting serum glucose levels >126 mg/dL or therapy with oral hypoglycaemic agents or insulin). The methods employed for L-FMC/FMD (flow mediated dilation)'analysis in our laboratory have been previously published (Gori Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2008). Briefly, patients will be placed supine, the left arm immobilized, and L-FMC and FMD will be measured using a Vivid 7 (General Electrics, Munich, Germany) ultrasound platform equipped with a 14 MHz matrix probe and a micrometric probe holder. Low-flow-mediated constriction corresponds to the constriction observed during a 4.5 min occlusion of a pneumatic cuff placed distal to the site of arterial diameter measurement. Flow-mediated dilation corresponds to the maximal dilation observed in the 5 min following deflation of the cuff, i.e. during reactive hyperaemia. Repeatability and reproducibility data of these methods have been recently reported (intra-class correlation coefficient=0.68 and 0.80 for FMD and L-FMC, respectively). All data will be acquired digitally and analysed in a randomized, blinded fashion prior to coronary angiography by an investigator not aware of the clinical status of the patient, using automatic dedicated software.

Enrollment

750 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • age >18 years
  • capacity to provide informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients undergoing catheterization for any reason other than stable (suspected) CAD (e.g. for hypertensive crisis associated with troponin elevation, or acute coronary syndromes, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, etc.).
  • Patients with known chronic inflammatory diseases, dialysis, or decompensated/severe heart failure.

Trial design

750 participants in 1 patient group

Patients undergoing coronary angiography
Description:
Consecutive patients referred for coronary angiography for the suspect of coronary artery disease

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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