Management of Knee Pain by Cooled Radiofrequency in Classical Anatomical Targets and Revised Targets

U

Universidade Federal de Alfenas

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Pain, Chronic
Analgesia
Osteoarthritis, Knee

Treatments

Procedure: Cooled radiofrequency in revised targets (CRF-RT)
Procedure: Cooled radiofrequency in classical targets (CRF-CT)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05363241
5.354.533

Details and patient eligibility

About

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and progressive disease that results from characteristic pathological changes in the tissues of the entire joint, resulting in failure in the component parts. OA is one of the most common causes of disability in adults due to pain and altered joint function, impacting patients' quality of life. Treatment is based on decreasing pain and improving function, involving non-pharmacological, pharmacological, and surgical management. First-line treatment involves non-pharmacological and pharmacological measures. When OA is very advanced, total joint replacement surgery is recommended. However, for patients refractory to conservative treatment and unwilling or unable to undergo arthroplasty, few options remain. Recently, several studies involving minimally invasive procedures are being recommended. Among them is the cooled radiofrequency technique, causing neurotomy by thermal activity, thus reducing the patient's perception of pain. The classical therapeutic target for this technique are the genicular nerves of the knee. However, more recent studies have shown that these classical targets do not provide complete pain relief and have suggested new therapeutic targets, comprising besides the genicular nerves, the recurrent peroneal nerve and the infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve. In order to validate these revised targets, new studies need to be done. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of the cooled radiofrequency procedure using classical and revised targets, and to compare pain intensity, knee function, quality of life, analgesic consumption and adverse effects of both techniques. Key words: Osteoarthritis of the knee. Sensory nerve denervation. Classical targets. Revised targets.

Full description

The present clinical study will be prospective, randomized and double-blind (the principal investigator and the patients will be blinded; the interventional physicians will not be blinded). Patients (n=60) from the Unified Health System of Brazil (SUS), seen at the Singular Alfenas Clinic, selected by the medical team, who meet all inclusion requirements, will be considered for this study; those who agree will sign the informed consent form. After being selected, patients will undergo a test block on the genicular nerves and those who have an improvement of at least 50% will be eligible for the cooled radiofrequency procedure (CRF). Patients will be randomly divided into 3 groups (n=20 patients/group) by sort, made by an external researcher: a) conservative group (CG): patients will receive standard pharmacological treatment (oral analgesics, intra-articular injection with corticosteroids) and physiotherapy for 6 months, and after that period, the performance of the cooled radiofrequency procedure will be guaranteed, with medical indication; b) group cooled radiofrequency with classical targets (CRF-CT): patients will undergo the CRF procedure, using the classical therapeutic targets (medial superior genicular nerve, lateral superior genicular nerve, medial inferior genicular nerve and infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve). In order that patients do not know in which group of the study they are included, the probe will be placed on the aforementioned genicular nerves as well as on the recurrent peroneal nerve and the the recurrent fibular nerve and the infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve, but will not receive radiofrequency in the recurrent fibular nerve nor in the infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve, receiving radiofrequency only in the genicular nerves; c) group cooled radiofrequency with revised targets (CRF-RT): patients will undergo the CRF procedure using the revised therapeutic targets (medial superior genicular nerve, lateral superior genicular nerve; medial inferior genicular nerve, fibular recurrent nerve and infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve). In order for patients not to know in which group of the study they are included, the probe will be placed on all the aforementioned nerves and they will receive radiofrequency in all of them. Data will be obtained through the application of questionnaires, for the evaluation of the participants, regarding pain intensity, knee function, analgesic consumption, quality of life and occurrence of adverse effects. The questionnaires will be applied before the block test, to evaluate baseline measurement; after the block test, to verify if there was at least 50% improvement; on the day of the CRF, immediately before the procedure, after the CRF procedure: after 1 week, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 5 months, and 6 months. For the conservative group, the questionnaires will be applied following the same times established for the intervention groups. The results will be obtained through appropriate statistical analyses.

Enrollment

60 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

40+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients of both genders aged 40 years or older;
  • Patients diagnosed with knee OA through X-rays and MRI (Alhback classification 2 or 3);
  • Patients with chronic knee pain for more than 3 months at the time of inclusion;
  • Patients with moderate to severe knee pain (score of 5 or more on the visual analog scale)
  • Patients who are literate, can read and write, and have a good understanding of written and verbal language.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients younger than 40 years old, even if diagnosed with knee OA;
  • Patients not diagnosed through imaging tests with OA;
  • Patients who have undergone previous knee surgery in the last 3 months before inclusion;
  • Patients who have received intra-articular corticosteroid injection in the last 3 months before inclusion;
  • Patients with uncontrolled neurological or psychiatric disease;
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes;
  • Pregnant patients;
  • Cancer diagnosed patients;
  • Patients with lumbar radiculopathy;
  • Patients on continuous anticoagulant therapy;
  • Patients who are not literate, can not read and write, and have not a good understanding of written and verbal language.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

60 participants in 3 patient groups

Conservative group (CG)
No Intervention group
Description:
The patients will receive standard pharmacological treatment (oral analgesics, intra-articular injection with corticosteroids) and physiotherapy for 6 months, where the end of the study occurs. After this period, the patient is guaranteed to undergo the cooled radiofrequency procedure, with medical indication.
Radiofrequency cooled group with classical targets (CRF-CT)
Experimental group
Description:
The patients will undergo the CRF procedure using the classical therapeutic targets (medial superior genicular nerve, lateral superior genicular nerve, medial inferior genicular nerve). So that patients do not know in which group of the study they are included, the probe will be placed in the aforementioned genicular nerves and also in the recurrent fibular nerve and in the infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve, but will not receive radiofrequency in the recurrent fibular nerve nor in the infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve, receiving radiofrequency only in the genicular nerves. Oral analgesics will be prescribed for the patient to use if necessary.
Treatment:
Procedure: Cooled radiofrequency in classical targets (CRF-CT)
Radiofrequency cooled group with revised targets (CRF-RT)
Experimental group
Description:
The patients will undergo the CRF procedure using the revised therapeutic targets (medial superior genicular nerve, lateral superior genicular nerve, medial inferior genicular nerve, recurrent fibular nerve and in the infra-patellar branch of the saphenous nerve). So that patients do not know in which group of the study they are included, the probe will be placed in all the aforementioned nerves and will receive radiofrequency in all of them. Oral analgesics will be prescribed for the patient to use if necessary.
Treatment:
Procedure: Cooled radiofrequency in revised targets (CRF-RT)

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Rafaela F Rodrigues, Ph.D

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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