Management of Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients With Aloe and Crocus - BALSAM

A

Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki

Status

Completed

Conditions

Mild Cognitive Impairment

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Dietary Supplement:Mediterranean Diet
Dietary Supplement: Dietary Supplement:Aloe Vera (simple)
Dietary Supplement: Dietary Supplement:Aloe Vera with Crocus (saffron)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04436614
31b/17-05-17

Details and patient eligibility

About

There is accumulating evidence suggesting that Aloe vera and Crocus (saffron) may have a positive impact on conditions involving cognitive deficits, such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and AD. More specifically, aloe vera gel contains powerful antioxidants, which belong to a large family of substances known as polyphenols. Aloe has also been proven to possess cholinergic and cognitive enhancing capabilities. Crocus is deeper studied and it shows promising results in neuroprotection against AD through various suggested mechanisms, such as the enhancement of amyloid-beta clearance in the brain and the inhibition of neurofibrillary tangles formation. For this reason, it would be interesting to study the effects of combination of Aloe Vera and Crocus . The aim of the study is to evaluate the beneficial effect of Aloe Vera and Crocus (saffron) in comparison with Aloe (simple)on patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment MCI. Study Type: Interventional Study Design: Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator) Primary Purpose: Prevention

Full description

OBJECTIVES OF THE TRIAL The objectives of this study are: To investigate the efficacy of Aloe Vera and Crocus as a disease course modifying treatment for MCI in a phase III double-blind placebo-controlled study. To investigate the effects in objective measurements in patients with MCI. STUDY DESIGN This is a Greek, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study group of compared Aloe Vera and Crocus with placebo. Qualifying patients will be randomly assigned to receive 45 mL of Aloe Vera and Crocus or placebo (ALOE) or mediterranean dietary protocol on a daily basis for 24 months. Patients undergo assessments at baseline,12 and 24 months +/- 7 days after beginning of the treatment. Duration The total study duration will be 36 months. Patients will receive study medication for 24 months.The recruitment will be about 6 months and the statistics and the preparation of the paper other 6 months. Number of Subjects One hundred fifty (150) subjects total will be enrolled. ; Fifty (50) in the experimental group (Aloe Vera with Crocus); Fifty (50) in the Control Group 1(Aloe) and fifty (50) in control Group 2(same dietary habits-mediterranean dietary protocol). Patient Eligibility Screening Form (ESF) An eligibility form documenting the patient's fulfilment of the entry criteria will be completed by the assessor. The following information will be included in the ESF: Patient identification: Initials (First initial of first name and First initial of surname), date of birth and Patient Identification Number. Eligibility Screening; Checklist of inclusion and exclusion criteria Eligibility Statement; for patients found to be ineligible, the reason for ineligibility must be stated Written informed consent will be obtained from the subject . The informed consent form must be co-signed by the physician. The nature of the study and the potential risks associated with the trial will be explained to all subject candidates and their responsible informants. Signature and date: the ESF may be completed by an assessor but it is required that the principal investigator/study clinician sign and date the ESF to verify eligibility of the patient for inclusion.

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

All

Ages

55 to 85 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Memory Complaints
  • Abnormal memory function documented by scoring 1 SD below the age-adjusted mean on the Logical Memory II subscale, (Delayed Paragraph Recall) from the Wechsler Memory Scale-R.
  • MMSE 24-30
  • CDR(sum of boxes) >= 0,5
  • Diagnosis: Mild Cognitive Impairment (amnestic plus multi-domain)
  • Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) <6
  • Hachinski Modified Ischemic scale <= 4
  • Stability of Permitted Medications for 4 weeks
  • Years of education: >= 5
  • Proficient language fluency
  • Compliance

Exclusion criteria

  • Visual and auditory acuity inadequate for neuropsychological testing
  • Enrollment in other trials or studies not compatible with MICOIL
  • History of significant neurological or psychiatric illnesses or presence of other diseases precluding enrollment.
  • Use of forbidden medications (listed below)
  • Ferromagnetic implants and devices (including implants or devices held in place by sutures, granulation or ingrowth of tissue, fixation devices, or by other means) not eligible for MRI scanning. Brain malformation or other conditions that may complicate lumbar puncture

Excluded Medication:

  • Antidepressants with anti-cholinergic properties.
  • Regular use of narcotic analgesics (>2 doses per week) within 4 weeks of screening.
  • Use of neuroleptics with anti-cholinergic properties (e.g., chlorpromazine, thioridazine) within 4 weeks of screening.
  • Chronic use of other medications with significant central nervous system anticholinergic activity within 4 weeks of screening (e.g., diphenhydramine).
  • Use of Anti-Parkinsonian medications (including Sinemet, amantadine, bromocriptine, pergolide, selegeline) within 4 weeks of screening.
  • Participation in any other investigational drug study within 4 weeks of screening (individuals may not participate in any drug study while participating in this protocol).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

100 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Aloe Vera and Crocus
Experimental group
Description:
50 patients Aloe Vera and Crocus (saffron) 1L, 1 bottle per 15 days. Dietary Supplement: Aloe Vera and Crocus (saffron) in a glass bottle Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Aloe Vera and Crocus (saffron) in a glass bottle 1L, per 15 days.
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dietary Supplement:Aloe Vera with Crocus (saffron)
Aloe Vera
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
50 patients Aloe Vera (simple) in a glass bottle 1L, 1 bottle per 15 days. Dietary Supplement: Aloe Vera (simple) in a glass bottle Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Aloe Vera (simple) in a glass bottle in a glass bottle 1L, per 15 days.
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dietary Supplement:Aloe Vera (simple)
Mediterranean Diet
Other group
Description:
50 patients Mediterranean dietary protocol Intervention:mediterranean diet
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dietary Supplement:Mediterranean Diet

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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