Mechanism of Endothelial Dysfunction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

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The Ohio State University

Status

Terminated

Conditions

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01027078
2009H0212

Details and patient eligibility

About

The investigators hypothesized that patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) who are free of any cardiovascular disease will have early microcirculatory changes that are unique to OSA, and therefore would resolve with treatment of OSA.

Full description

Impaired vascular regulation of the microcirculation is a consequence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Nitric Oxide (NO) related endothelial dysfunction occurs in OSA as the earliest vascular abnormality prior to the manifestation of vascular disease and it results in impaired vasodilatory response to hypoxia. These abnormalities have already been described in OSA patients. The role of oxidative stress in endothelial dysfunction is present in vascular disorders. The presence of oxidative stress in OSA patients is also well established. The effect of increased superoxide on endothelial function has also been described in the literature. The mechanism of this effect is unknown and is the focus of this research. We hypothesized that patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) who are free of any cardiovascular disease will have early microcirculatory changes that are unique to OSA, and therefore would resolve with treatment of OSA.

Enrollment

90 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

1. Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) > 15 events per hours.

Exclusion criteria

  • Hypertension defined by existing treatment with antihypertensives or any measurement of systolic pressure above 130 mmHg, or diastolic pressure above 85 mmHg;
  • Dyslipidemia defined by fasting cholesterol above 200; or fasting LDL over 150 mg/dl;
  • Diabetes defined as existing diagnosis, hemoglobin A1C >7 or fasting glucose >110 on two separate measurements (standard fasting glucose or HbA1C criteria);
  • CAD defined by history of angina, coronary event or abnormal stress test;
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) defined by history of stroke, claudication or abnormal Ankle brachial index;
  • Concurrent smoking;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Use of erectile dysfunction drugs, or any medications for chronic conditions; 9)Chronic liver or renal disease. Fasting blood test for glucose, cholesterol, on all participants who have not had these tests in the 6 month prior to enrollment, will be obtained at the time of screening. The remaining criteria will be evaluated by reviewing the medical records and history taking on the day of first visit.

Trial design

90 participants in 2 patient groups

OSA
Description:
patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea who do not have existing cardiovascular disease
control
Description:
patients without obstructive sleep apnea who are matched in weight and age to the OSA patients

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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