Mechanisms Underlying Predictors of Success From Obesity Surgery

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Mount Sinai Health System

Status and phase

Withdrawn
Phase 2

Conditions

Obesity

Treatments

Drug: Exendin 9-39 and Sitagliptin
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02697253
AAAQ1904 (Other Identifier)
GCO 15-1990
R01DK108643 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of this project is to identify predictors of success in the treatment of obesity after bariatric surgery. The specific aims of this proposal are to: 1. Employ behavioral tests of mechanisms that control food intake in normal weight individuals, to determine which intake control mechanisms lead to changes after Roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG); and 2. Measure behavioral and psycho-social predictors of weight loss and food intake reduction, so as to determine which are most predictive of successful weight loss and food intake reduction. 3. Account for success in reduction of food intake brought about by the pattern of hormone release, particularly glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), Peptide YY (PYY) and gastric distention, known to underlie satiation, coupled with post-ingestive changes in reinforcing value of food and motivation to consume. Tests of the hypothesis will be done by measuring responses to tasting, working for, and consuming, foods on sensory, motivational, cognitive, and physiological variables, including amount consumed and rate of eating under standardized conditions, before surgery and at a two year follow up visit. In addition, the inhibitor sitagliptin will be administered the night before and day of test meal and exendin-9-39 (EX9) will be infused before and during the meal to determine whether blockade of GLP-1 / PYY receptors after surgery reverses intake reduction. Investigators predict that successful patients will show changes that favor reduction in food intake, rate of eating, motivation to consume, reward value of foods, and a hormone profile that has been shown to generate satiation and maintain reduction in intake (e.g. increased Cholecystokinin (CCK), GLP-1, PYY, reduced ghrelin). To the extent that psycho-social and cognitive factors may override physiological brakes to eating behavior, the subjects may fail to achieve success, and consequently the failure may be predicted from over-impulsiveness or inability to suppress working for rewarding food stimuli. To test these hypotheses, a total of 83 patients will be enrolled prior to RYGB/SG and restudied 2 years after the surgery. The sitagliptin / EX9 studies will be done in a subset of 32 completers. To test this aim, patients will be divided into 4 groups of 19. The 4 patients from each group with the most weight loss (% weight loss ≥35 at 2 years post-surgery, 16 patients in total) and least weight loss (% weight loss of ≤25 at two years 16 patients in total) will be recruited for these two additional post-operative visits within one year of completing Visit #3 after the RYGB/SG surgery. A total of 32 patients will be recruited for visits 4 and 5.

Full description

Obesity is a major public health as well as economic (expense of treating) problem world-wide, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) surgeries are effective treatments. A barrier to progress is that between 25% and 40% patients were not successful in achieving and maintaining at least 30% weight loss, which is considered medically successful for this operation. Understanding the mechanisms that contribute to success or failure of this operation is an unsolved problem in obesity research, which this proposal is addressing. The focus of this project is to identify mechanisms that contribute to suppression of food intake following bariatric surgery, and to investigate whether these mechanisms predict long-term success following bariatric surgery

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • BMI >35 kg/m2 BMI
  • BMI < 65 kg/m2
  • Preparing to undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or gastric sleeve (RYGB/GS) surgery at St. Luke-Roosevelt Hospital
  • Within the 18-65 age range
  • Blood pressure under <160/100 mmHg
  • Fasting triglyceride <600 mg/dl
  • No recent (last 6 months) history of cardiovascular disease.
  • Prior history of angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery with a normal stress test will not be a contraindication.

Exclusion criteria

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Active cancer
  • Unstable angina
  • Recent stroke
  • Current therapy that may affect glucose metabolism such as glucocorticoids, adrenergic agents
  • Active infection
  • Kidney failure
  • Severe liver dysfunction
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Severe respiratory or cardiac failure
  • Pancreatitis
  • History of bullous pemphigoid
  • Pregnancy
  • Patients who are currently or have had prior GLP-1 therapy.
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to Exendin 9-39 or similar products, albumin, sitagliptin and/or acetaminophen will also be excluded.

Additional exclusions for visits 4 and 5 ONLY:

  • Patients at risk for heart disease, such as patients with a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and history of heart failure
  • Renal impairment (eGFR˂60 Ml/MIN/1.73 M2)
  • History of exfoliative skin conditions in particularly if occurring with a DPP-4 inhibitor use
  • History of bullous pemphigoid and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

0 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Successful drug
Experimental group
Description:
Participants who have a % weight loss ≥35 at 2 years post RYGB/SG surgery will be administered sitagliptin and receive infusion of Exendin 9-39 prior to an intake test. Drug: Exendin 9-39 Infusion of exendin 9-39 at the rate of 600 pmol/kg/min, infusion time 80 minutes. An average of 18.2mg will be infused in a forearm vein during an oral glucose (30g) preload. Drug: Sitagliptin 100mg tablet will be administered at 2200 hours the night before the visit. The day of the visit, the patient will take another 100mg tablet at 0700 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Exendin 9-39 and Sitagliptin
Unsuccessful drug
Experimental group
Description:
Participants who have a % weight loss of ≤25 at two years post RYGB/SG surgery will be administered Sitagliptin and receive infusion of Exendin 9-39 prior to an intake test. Drug: Exendin 9-39 Infusion of exendin 9-39 at the rate of 600 pmol/kg/min, infusion time 80 minutes. An average of 18.2mg will be infused in a forearm vein during an oral glucose (30g) preload. Drug: Sitagliptin 100mg tablet will be administered at 2200 hours the night before the visit. The day of the visit, the patient will take another 100mg tablet at 0700 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Exendin 9-39 and Sitagliptin
Success placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants who have a % weight loss ≥35 at 2 years post RYGB/SG surgery will be administered a placebo and receive a placebo infusion prior to an intake test. Drug: Placebo Infusion of 0.9% saline solution (placebo infusion) for 80 minutes. An average of 18.2mg will be infused in a forearm vein during an oral glucose (30g) preload. Drug: Placebo 100mg tablet will be administered at 2200 hours the night before the visit. The day of the visit, the patient will take another 100mg tablet at 0700 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Unsuccess placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants who have a % weight loss of ≤25 at two years post RYGB/SG surgery will be administered a placebo and receive a placebo infusion prior to an intake test. Drug: Placebo Infusion of 0.9% saline solution (placebo infusion) for 80 minutes. An average of 18.2mg will be infused in a forearm vein during an oral glucose (30g) preload. Drug: Placebo 100mg tablet will be administered at 2200 hours the night before the visit. The day of the visit, the patient will take another 100mg tablet at 0700 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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