MEND-CABG (MC-1 to Eliminate Necrosis and Damage in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery)



Status and phase

Phase 2


Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery
Myocardial Ischemia
Myocardial Revascularization
Reperfusion Injury


Drug: (MC-1) Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to determine whether MC-1 is effective and safe in reducing cardiovascular and neurological events in patients undergoing high-risk coronary artery bypass surgery

Full description

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) effectively relieves angina, results in longer survival, and a better quality of life in specific subgroups of patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. Due to the high incidence of coronary artery disease worldwide, as well as the effectiveness of the surgical procedure, CABG surgery makes up one of the top ten most frequently performed procedures in North America and Europe. In the United States it is estimated that over 700,000 CABG procedures are performed per year. Despite the benefits of CABG surgery, patients undergoing these procedures may also suffer serious adverse outcomes including operative mortality, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ventricular failure, life-threatening arrhythmia, renal insufficiency, and stroke. Some of the proposed causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality after CABG include perioperative ischemia, inadequate myocardial protection and reperfusion injury. The impact of these serious complications is significant. Incidence rates of death and MI following CABG surgery range from 5% to 12% depending on risk status. Results from large clinical trials have recently demonstrated the importance of neurologic deficits as a problematic outcome of CABG. These deficits include memory impairment, psychomotor, visuospatial, attention and language abilities as measured by neuropsychological testing as well as sensori-motor abnormalities associated with stroke. MC-1 is a naturally occurring small molecule. Evidence from pre-clinical and clinical studies suggests that MC-1 protects the heart from ischemic damage and ischemia-reperfusion injury. This trial will assess the effects of MC-1 compared to placebo on cardiovascular and neurological events following CABG surgery.




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients must be scheduled to undergo CABG surgery (during routine scheduling times) planned to use cardiopulmonary bypass

Patients must be considered at high risk for subsequent neurological or myocardial complications defined as meeting 2 or more of the following:

  • Age >65
  • Current smoker
  • History of diabetes mellitus requiring treatment other than diet
  • Evidence of left ventricular dysfunction or congestive heart failure assessed by: ejection fraction (EF) <45%, left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) or pulmonary wedge pressure greater than or equal to 20 mm Hg, pulmonary edema by chest X-ray, cardiothoracic ratio >50% on chest X-ray
  • History of a previous non-disabling stroke, transient ischemic attack, or carotid endarterectomy
  • Urgent CABG intervention defined as the need to stay in the hospital (although patient may be operated on within a normal scheduling routine
  • History of a myocardial infarction that occurred more than 48 hours but less than 6 weeks prior to CABG surgery
  • Prior peripheral artery surgery or angioplasty
  • Moderate renal dysfunction defined by creatinine ≥ 133 micromol/L (1.5 mg/dL), but < 250 micromol/L (2.8 mg/dL)
  • Presence of at least one asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (≥50%) either in one or two carotid arteries

Exclusion criteria

  • Planned associated valve surgery or concurrent carotid endarterectomy
  • Planned aortic dissection repair or aortic root reconstruction
  • Screening visit occurring less than 4 hours before scheduled CABG surgery
  • MMSE score less than 24 at the screening visit
  • Current cardiogenic shock, acute left ventricular rupture, ventricular septal rupture, or papillary muscle rupture
  • Uncontrolled diabetes defined as fasting serum blood glucose value equal to or greater than 24 mmol/L (432 mg/dL) at the time of screening (if fasting serum blood glucose not obtained at screening, values obtained within 30 days prior to screening visit may be used)
  • Myocardial infarction occurring <48 hours prior to planned CABG surgery
  • Severe renal dysfunction defined as a serum creatinine value ≥ 250 micromol/L (2.8 mg/dL) or nephritic syndrome at screening (or obtained within 30 days prior to screening visit)
  • History of liver cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, or severe liver dysfunction , or liver transaminase ≥3 times ULN at screening (or obtained within 30 days prior to screening visit)
  • History of malignancy during last 5 years except for basal cell carcinoma
  • Planned surgery for atrial fibrillation
  • Pregnancy or potential for pregnancy
  • Any medical or psychiatric condition which in the opinion of the investigator makes the patient an unsuitable candidate for the study
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse within the past year
  • Participation in any other investigation drug or device study within 30 days of randomization

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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