Mental Contrasting With Implementation Intentions for Alcohol Use Disorders (MCIIAUD)

S

Susanne Rösner

Status

Completed

Conditions

Alcohol Use Disorder

Treatments

Other: Treatment as usual
Other: MCII

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03684798
2017-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

Mental Contrasting (MC) consists of imaging a desired future and comparing it with obstacles of the present reality in order to increase goal commitment when expectations of success are high. The study aims to investigate the effects of a motivational training (Mental Contrasting with Implementation Interventions; MCII) as a therapeutic add-on to standard treatment in inpatients with Alcohol Use Disorders.

Full description

Today's elaborated therapeutic interventions do not ensure sustainability of therapeutic success in alcohol-dependent patients. Thus, it is to develop and implement new therapeutic methods in order to increase regular treatment termination and continuous abstinence during treatment. Mental Contrasting (MC) consists of imaging a desired future and comparing it with obstacles of the present reality in order to increase goal commitment when expectations of success are high. In the study, MCII is implemented as an add-on intervention in order to reduce the risk of a relapse during treatment and to decrease drop-outs from treatment in alcohol-dependent inpatients. Therefore, inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are randomly assigned to one of two groups. The experimental group does receive MCII, the control group an exercise from treatment as usual. In addition, patients undergo brief motivational screenings in form of self-report questionnaires at the beginning and during treatment in order to assess motivational mediation of treatment effects and drinking events. The effect of the MCII training will be examined on primary (drinking during treatment) and secondary outcome variables (early treatment termination, motivational changes after drinking events). The Primary Outcome is return to drinking during treatment defined as any violation of total abstinence. Drinking is assumed if either a drinking event is reported by the patient or a Breathalyzer tests is positive. Participants are allocated to the groups using randomisation with emphasis on equal group sizes in control and experimental group. The list of randomisation was generated with the online tool "Research Randomizer". The investigator's a priori calculation of the required sample size is based on the primary outcome, i.e. return to any drinking during treatment. Given α=0.05 and 1-β=0.80 a one-sided z-test then yields a required sample size of 122 participants, i.e. 61 subjects in the intervention group and 61 subjects in the control group. All randomized subjects will be included in the analyses, regardless of whether they terminate the study regularly or not. Analyses will be done according to the intention-to-treat method (ITT).

Enrollment

122 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder according to DSM 5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual)
  • Age: ≥18 years

Exclusion criteria

  • Cognitive deficits that limit the patients' ability to provide informed consent
  • Inability to follow the procedures of the study
  • Acute suicidality
  • Acute psychosis

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

122 participants in 2 patient groups

Mental Contrasting with Implementation Intentions (MCII)
Experimental group
Description:
Mental Contrasting with Implementation Intentions (MCII) combines two methods: Mental Contrasting and Implementation Intentions. Mental Contrasting (MC) consists of imaging a desired future and comparing it with obstacles of the present reality (Oettingen, 2000, 2014; Oettingen, Pak, & Schnetter, 2001) in order to increase goal commitment when expectations of success are high (Gollwitzer, 2014). Implementation Intentions on the other hand specify when, where, and how to strive for a goal in form of an if-then-plan, e.g. "If situation Y is encountered, then I will perform the goal-directed response Z" (Gollwitzer, 2014; Wieber, Thürmer, & Gollwitzer, 2015).
Treatment:
Other: MCII
Treatment as usual
Active Comparator group
Description:
The control group receive a control training, which consists of an exercise from treatment as usual. Thus, patients in the control group are supported in their intention for abstinence and in the reappraisal of risk situations and relapse, while no individual motivational strategies are planned or provided
Treatment:
Other: Treatment as usual

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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